Average Life Expectancy Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Average Life Expectancy?
Average life expectancy, also known as life expectancy, is the expected number of years that a person can expect to live based on their age, gender, and health. It is an important measure of overall population health and is often used to gauge the success or failure of public health policies and interventions.Average life expectancy has increased significantly over the last century due to advances in medical science and improvements in lifestyle factors such as diet and exercise. According to statistics from the World Health Organization (WHO), global average life expectancy was 71.4 years for men and 76.2 years for women in 2019. This is up from 54.5 years for men and 58 years for women during 1950-1955.The average life expectancy varies widely across different countries due to differences in healthcare access, economic development, hygiene standards, education levels, lifestyle choices, cultural practices, exposure to disease-causing agents such as air pollution or smoking habits. For example, Japan’s average life expectancy was 84 years old in 2019 whereas Central African Republic’s average life expectancy was just 56 years old at that time a difference of 28 years between two countries with vastly different levels of wealth and access to healthcare services. There are many factors that influence an individual’s expected lifespan such as genetics (inherited traits from parents), nutrition (diet), physical activity level (exercise), environmental exposure (air pollution or chemicals), personal habits such as smoking or drinking alcohol, stress levels (work/life balance) among others; however these are all difficult to control on an individual level so public health policies should aim at tackling larger scale issues which can improve population-wide longevity. This includes things like providing universal healthcare access; investing in infrastructure projects with focus on cleaner energy sources; improving sanitation systems; promoting healthier lifestyles through campaigns targeting nutrition & physical activity; reducing air pollution through better regulations & enforcement; enforcing anti-smoking laws etc In conclusion Average Life Expectancy is an important measure which provides insight into overall population health & wellbeing along with providing evidence of success/failure when it comes to public health policies & interventions targeting improved longevity at a population level.