Ancient Rome Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Ancient Rome?
Ancient Rome was one of the most influential civilizations in history. Its culture, politics and achievements have had a lasting impact on the world today. From its founding over 2,700 years ago to its fall in 476 CE, Ancient Rome changed the face of Europe and left behind an impressive legacy.The Roman Republic was founded by Romulus and Remus in 753 BCE. In 509 BCE it transitioned into a monarchy ruled by Julius Caesar who declared himself dictator for life in 44 BCE. During this time period Rome conquered vast territories including Egypt, Greece, Syria, Anatolia and Hispania (modern day Spain). This expansion created an empire that spanned from Britain to Mesopotamia and lasted until 476 CE when Emperor Romulus Augustus was deposed by Odoacer making him the first barbarian king of Italy.Rome is known for many things such as its art and architecture which included iconic structures like The Colosseum and The Pantheon. It also developed a complex legal system with 12 tables that protected citizens rights while punishing wrong doers with physical punishment such as crucifixion or exile. Additionally, Roman engineering projects were some of the most extensive ever completed during antiquity resulting in major road networks connecting cities throughout the Mediterranean region along with aqueducts providing water for urban areas In addition to their political influence ancient Romans are renowned for their literature which includes works from authors such as Virgil’s Aeneid or Cicero’s speeches which have influenced generations since then up until modern times. Furthermore Ancient Rome has left us with a variety of cultural traditions ranging from religion (Roman Catholicism) to language (Latin) to food (pasta). Overall Ancient Rome played an important role in shaping western civilization through its influence on law, warfare military tactics advances made in technology infrastructure construction architectural advancements literature religious practices language customs music drama philosophy education social structure commerce/trade economics cuisine fashion medicine performance arts sports leisure activities public health sanitation etc ultimately becoming one of the most powerful civilizations ever seen on earth leaving behind monuments artifacts evidence stories poems songs languages laws traditions etc all attesting to how amazing they truly were.