Anthropology 2051 Ch 1 quiz

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
Physical anthropologist can understand human biological variation by looking at changes in?
genes, health, and lifestyle

For your physical anthropology research project, you report that you measured the length of 150 gorilla thighbones, and you suggest that the two groups you found represent different sexes. What problem might your professor have with this report?
a) your report does not attempt to test a hypothesis
b) your report uses the scientific method
c) your report does not identify past literature on the topic
d) your report uses all four fields of anthropological inquiry
____ your report does not attempt to test a hypothesis

The four branches of anthropology are
a) linguistic anthropology, cultural anthropology, biological anthropology, and paleontology
b) cultural anthropology, biological anthropology, archaeology, and linguistic anthropology
c) paleontology, biological anthropology, physical anthropology, and linguistic anthropology
d) physical anthropology, enthnography, cultural anthropology and archaeology
____ cultural anthropology, biological anthropology, archaeology, and linguistic anthropology

your professor researches the Turkana pastoralists of Kenya, investigating both the genetic changes that allow them to easily digest milk and the role that dairy animals have played in their history. Your professor most likely uses which of the following methods in her research?
a) sociolinguistics
b) interdisciplinary science
c) the biocultural approach
d) archaeological excavation
____ the biocultural approach

Physical anthropology is the study of human ______ and human ______
evolution/variation

a physical anthropologist would study which of the following?
a) modern hunter-gatherers in Africa
b) skeletons from ancient Rome
c) primate behavior
d) all of the above
___ all of the above

Humankind is still evolving, but recent genetic changes are often less interesting to physical anthropologists than the striking evolutionary changes that differentiated our hominid ancestors from apes. What is a possible reason for this?
a) physical anthropologists do not study modern humans; they study only ancient hominids
b) human evolution occurs only in Africa and thus cannot help us to understand contemporary people
c) our species now completely depends on culture for its survival
d) the origin of bipedal walking in our hominid ancestors is more important than variation in genes for disease-susceptibility among modern people
___ our species now completely depends on culture for its survival

which of the following would a physical anthropologist NOT study to learn more about humans?
a) pottery and stone tools
b) bones and teeth
c) disease and nutrition
d) genes and reproduction
____ pottery and stone tools

_________ created the discipline of American anthropology
Franz Boas

Which of the following is NOT a uniquely human activity?
a) gossiping with friends
b) making a bookshelf
c) growing corn
d) climbing a tree
____ climbing a tree

a scientific hypothesis can:
a) predict future outcomes
b) be refuted by new information
c) help to explain observed phenomena
d) all of the above
___all of the above

New research in Ethiopia in 2001 changed the way we think about human origins by demonstrating that the earliest hominids lived in:
a) wetlands
b) grasslands
c) woodlands
d) none of the above
____ woodlands

which of the following outlines the steps of the scientific method in their proper order?
a) identify a problem; state a hypothesis; collect data; test the hypothesis
b) state a hypothesis; test the hypothesis; collect data; identify a problem
c) identify a problem; collect date; state a hypothesis; test the hypothesis
d) collect data; state a hypothesis; test the hypothesis; identify a problem
_____ identify a problem; state a hypothesis; collect data; test the hypothesis

modern humans lost the typical primate honing-canine used for food processing because of which invention?
a) agriculture
b) stone tools
c) bipedalism
d) hunting
____ stone tools

Your best friend’s great-uncle went missing in action during his Pacific tour of duty during World War II. Your friend wants to find out what happened to these enlisted men and women and to bring them home. What course of study would you suggest that your friend pursue in college?
a) cultural anthropology
b) ethnographic anthropology
c) bioarchaeology
d) forensic anthropology
____ forensic anthropology

Physical anthropologists study only Africa, where humans evolved. true or false?
false

Physical anthropology deals with all aspects of human biology, both past and present. true or false?
true

Physical anthropology and biological anthropology are equivalent. true or false?
true

the environment does not affect humans’ biological makeup. true or false?
false

a scientific theory is nothing more than a guess. true or false?
false

Several forensic anthropologists have dealt with the aftermath of Argentina’s ” dirty war” ( 1970s and 1980s) during which many people disappeared. which of the following techniques would be inappropriate for anthropologists to use in attempting to find and identify these individuals?
a) excavating mass graves, using archaeological techniques
b) talking to locals who were alive at the time, using ethnographic methods of cultural anthropology
c) creating a glossary of the local language, using methods of linguistic anthropology
d) studying skeletons, using methods of physical anthropology
____creating a glossary of the local language, using methods of linguistic anthropology

Franz Boas is dressed to explore the Arctic. This illustrates human’s ability to deal with their environment through:
a) biological evolution
b) material culture
c) genetic change
d) bipedal locomotion
___ material culture

This anthropologist wants to know more about the lifestyle of our human ancestors and is studying modern primates ( chimpanzees) for clues to the past. What aspect of these chimps’ lives is LEAST likely to interest her?
a) variation in the chimps’ fur color
b) whether the chimps use tools
c) what the chimps eat
d) how the chimps locomote ( move)
_____ variation in the chimps’ fur color

The invention of this item was responsible for a change in our ancestors’ teeth — see page 15
true

Recent research indicated that humans evolved here. see page 18
true

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