Early Roman Republic Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Early Roman Republic?
The Early Roman Republic was an important period in Ancient Rome’s history, lasting from 509 BC to the end of the First Punic War in 241 BC. During this time, Rome underwent a period of intense political and social change that saw it expand its influence and power throughout central Italy. This period is often characterized by its political strife, as well as the rise and fall of various powerful leaders who sought to control the Republic.One of the most significant developments during this time was Rome’s transition from a monarchy to a republic. In 509 BC, after overthrowing their Etruscan rulers, citizens of Rome established two annually elected magistrates called consuls who were responsible for leading the government and deciding on policy issues. This shift from monarchy to republican rule marked a major milestone in Roman history as it allowed citizens more direct control over their government and opened up opportunities for new political leaders to emerge.During this period, Rome also faced numerous internal conflicts between different factions within society including patricians (wealthy aristocrats) and plebeians (commoners). These conflicts eventually led to major reforms in Roman society such as establishing tribunes which protected plebeian rights and creating laws that gave greater power to ordinary citizens. These changes helped reduce tensions between classes while allowing ordinary people more influence over the operation of their government. The Early Roman Republic also saw major military expansion with Rome conquering much of central Italy before taking on Carthage in Sicily during the First Punic War (264-241BC). This war not only solidified Rome’s domination over its neighbors but established it as one of Mediterranean’s foremost powers ushering in an era known today as The Pax Romana or Roman Peace due to its long-lasting stability under Roman rule. Overall, The Early Roman Republic was an essential period for Ancient Rome that laid down many foundations still seen today such as republicanism, citizen rights, military expansionism and universal peace through diplomacy or conquest; all essential elements for understanding how Ancient Romans built one of world’s most successful empires ever known.