Tigris And Euphrates Rivers Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Tigris And Euphrates Rivers?
The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers are two of the most important rivers in the Middle East. They flow together to form a vast network of waterways known as the Fertile Crescent, which is located in modern-day Iraq, Syria and Turkey. The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers have been vital to human history since ancient times.The Tigris River originates in the mountains of northeastern Turkey, then flows southward through Iraq before emptying into the Persian Gulf. It is 1,150 miles long and has a drainage area of over 30,000 square miles. The Euphrates River begins in southeastern Turkey before flowing through Syria and Iraq towards its confluence with the Tigris near Baghdad. It is longer than its sister river at 1,740 miles long with a drainage area of over 150,000 square miles. Together they form one of the largest river systems in western Asia.Throughout history these rivers have provided irrigation for agriculture, drinking water for people living along their banks and also transportation for trade goods from place to place on boats or barges traveling downstream from one civilization to another. Ancient Mesopotamian cultures such as Assyrians and Babylonians built their powerful cities along these rivers due to their abundance of fertile agricultural land made possible by irrigation from the rivers’ waters. In addition to farmland, these rivers also provided fish for food as well as fuel collected from dried reeds that grew along their shores which was used for cooking fires or baskets made out of reed fibers that could be used for carrying goods or even constructing boats. In modern times both rivers remain essential resources providing life-sustaining water throughout large parts of Iraq but are also under threat from environmental issues such as pollution caused by industry upstream which can degrade water quality downstream leading to health problems among people living close-by who rely on this precious resource for drinking water or irrigating crops needed for food production. As climate change continues to affect our world’s weather patterns it will be even more important that we take steps now towards protecting both the Tigris & Euphrates Rivers so they can continue providing life-giving resources far into future generations.