Five Good Emperors Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Five Good Emperors?
The Five Good Emperors are a group of Roman Emperors who ruled during the Imperial Period of Rome in the 1st and 2nd centuries. The five emperors, Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius are remembered as some of the most successful rulers in Roman history. During their reigns they brought peace and prosperity to Rome and its provinces, while expanding its boundaries through successful military campaigns. They also contributed to culture and society by promoting law reform, providing public works projects such as aqueducts and roads, creating libraries and instituting social welfare programs.Nerva was the first of the Five Good Emperors to take power. He came to power at a time when Rome was in chaos due to civil wars that had racked it for years. He brought peace through legal reforms that favored the lower classes rather than punishing them for their poverty or debt which had been customary under previous regimes. Nerva also implemented new policies that sought to curb corruption within government institutions by allowing public access to records so there would be greater transparency. Furthermore he created financial stability for Rome by ending many of its extravagant spending practices which had been characteristic under previous regimes leading up to his reign.Trajan was considered one of Rome’s greatest generals who succeeded Nerva upon his death in 98 CE after an impressive military career including victories against Germanic Tribes along with other provinces throughout Europe, North Africa and Asia Minor thereby expanding the borders of Rome considerably during his brief reign. While overseeing a period of relative peace Trajan also provided more equitable taxation systems by taxing citizens based on their income instead of merely arbitrary taxes imposed on all regardless of wealth or status as had been commonplace previously under earlier emperors. Additionally he also provided extensive public works projects such as an extensive network of roads throughout much territory conquered during his rule while still being fiscally responsible with funds allocated towards these endeavors thus proving himself an exemplary leader both militarily and administratively. Hadrian succeeded Trajan following his death in 117 CE although he is remembered less for his military successes then those achieved by Trajans before him but rather his efforts towards furthering cultural endeavors such as architecture with noteworthy examples like Hadrians Wall among others erected across Britain during this period. Additionally Hadrian supported scholarly pursuits by funding various research projects related to science , medicine , literature , philosophy etc .