Tang And Song Dynasties Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Tang And Song Dynasties?
The Tang and Song dynasties were two of the most influential dynasties in Chinese history. The Tang Dynasty (618907) and the Song Dynasty (9601279) were periods of great political, economic, social, and cultural achievements. Both dynasties had a profound impact on China’s development, making them two of the most important eras in Chinese history.The Tang Dynasty was a period of great progress for China. It was a period of military expansion and political consolidation that saw the creation of an imperial system based on Confucian ideals. During this time, Buddhism also became popular and spread across China. The Tang government also encouraged trade with other countries through its many ports and diplomatic missions to Central Asia, India, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Burma, Thailand, Indonesia and even Persia. This contributed to increased prosperity in both domestic markets as well as abroad. With the fall of the Tang dynasty in 907 came the rise of the Song dynasty which lasted until 1279. Under this rule came greater advances in technology such as printing presses using movable type blocks (the first known use in human history). This led to an increase in literacy among commoners which gave them greater access to education than ever before seen in China at that time. In addition to these advancements there were also significant improvements made to agriculture techniques including new irrigation methods along with more efficient farming tools such as ox-drawn plows as well as waterwheels for grinding grain into flour or rice into powder for cooking purposes. The Song dynasty also established a new system called Neo-Confucianism which combined elements from Confucianism with Buddhist beliefs to form new ideas about morality and philosophy that had lasting effects on Chinese culture today. Furthermore during this era there was much emphasis placed on artistry particularly painting landscape scenes or calligraphy which are still highly regarded forms of art today. Lastly through its maritime trade networks it connected East Asia with South Asia leading up to an exchange not only goods but ideas between nations thus allowing for cultural diffusion across nations. Overall both the Tang and Song Dynasties have left behind legacies that continue to shape modern day Chinese life today whether it be their contributions towards literature or technology or their unique philosophies like Neo-Confucianism they remain two important eras during Ancient Chinese history.