AP World History – Unit 8

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Mandarins
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imperial officials who traveled through the land and oversaw government policies
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Kowtow
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ritual kneelings and knockings
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Eight legged essays
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part of the civil service exams, days long
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Filial Piety
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implied duties of children toward their fathers and loyalty of subjects toward the emperor
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Dano
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nobles, shoguns kept track of them. Becoming more powerful because of trade with europeans.
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Bakufu
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government where shoguns tried to control all of feudal lords.
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Native learning
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Isolationist, rejecting outside influences.
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Dutch learning
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Nagasaki was one port city allowed, dutch traded here, window to outside world
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Kamikaze
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storms that crushed the mongol army from entering Japan.
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Ghazi
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Ottoman religious warriors, nomadic.
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Osman Bey
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unifies the ghazi, claim the territory for themselves.
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Devshirme
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recruiting christian children from Balkans to serve in Ottoman empire, technically slaves, but treated well and completely loyal to Sultan. A form of labour tax.
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Janissaries
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Ottoman elite fighting force.
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Constantinople 1453
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when Ottoman empire captured Constantinople
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Mehmed II
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emperor who led siege of Constantinople.
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Shah Ismail
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Founded the Safavid empire.
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Twelver Shiism
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twelve infallible imams (religious leaders) after muhammad.
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Istanbul
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Capital of Ottoman empire.
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Fatehpurskari
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Capital of Mughal empire.
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Isfahan
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Capital of Safavid empire.
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Baburs
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founded Mughal empire.
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Akbar
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Islamic leader who threw his military commander out of a second story window.
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two technologies banned in the ottoman empire
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printing press telescope/observatory
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products that caused controversy
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coffee tobacco
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public works sponsored by empires
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fountains hospitals mosques palaces schools soup kitchens
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Dhimmi
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protected religious rights in the Ottoman empire
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Jazya
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tax in religious empires
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millet
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islamic neighbourhoods
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Bakufu
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military/tent government established by the Tokugawa shogunate under the leadership of Ieyasu
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east asia ports Europeans were restricted to
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Guagzhou Nagasaki Macau

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