Non-Political Revolutions

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Neolithic Revolution
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Shift from nomadic hunting and gathering to permanent settlements and farming
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Scientific Revolution
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Shift from Greco-Roman based ideas and Church teachings to understand the world through observation
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Copernicus
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Responsible for the heliocentric model
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Galileo
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Supported Copernicus’ heliocentric model with his telescope; forced to recant or face excommunication
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Newton
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Idea of gravity and that nature follows uniform laws
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Enlightenment
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Shift from traditional ideas of government (absolute monarchs) to government based on natural laws
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Thomas Hobbes
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Leviathon; best form of government is an absolute monarchy
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John Locke
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Two Treatises of Government; natural rights of life, liberty & property; right to rebel if rights are denied
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Proposed the idea of separation of powers
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Enlightened despots
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European rulers that were inspired by the Enlightenment (ie: Maria Theresa & Catherine the Great)
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Agricultural Revolution
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Shift from using simple farming tools and methods to new farming techniques that led to the Industrial Revolution
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Enclosure movement
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This purchasing of a village’s common farmland led to urbanization and contribute to the Industrial Revolution

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