Art, Ch.1-5, Exam I

question

An equestrian sculpture is one that includes a ____.
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horse
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In ancient Rome, ____ sculptures were seen as the ultimate symbol of imperial dignity and power.
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equestrian
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What’s missing in this definition of art? Art is primarily a ____ medium that is used to express our ideas about our human experience and the world around us.
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visual
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Content and form are interchangeable in a work of art.
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False
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Van Gogh was not a member of another stylistic group.
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True
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In a work of art, the word “composition” refers to ____.
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the arrangement of the formal elements of art
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The content of a work of art refers to ____.
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its meaning
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Contemporary art and popular culture often share the same images.
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True
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Every culture, both past and present, has a word that corresponds to ours for art.
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False
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Ancient Egypt had an ever-changing artistic style.
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False
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Ways of categorizing art include:
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all of these choices
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Craft refers to which of the following?
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pottery
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The components of an artwork include perception, response, creativity and ____.
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expression
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Art is always a serious endeavor and never functions as entertainment.
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False
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Art has several functions, including:
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all of these choices
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Traditional Chinese paintings were not made from life, but from memory.
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True
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Eaves and ____ go together in construction.
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cantilevers
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The ____ was most noted for its dome.
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Pantheon
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Geodesic domes are a type of small dome used in early Roman residential architecture.
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False
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Another name for atmospheric perspective is ____ perspective.
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aerial
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Rectangular glass-covered, boxlike buildings are examples of the International style in architecture.
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True
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Rhythm in art is demonstrated by the ____ of one or more of the elements of art.
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repetition
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Visual texture consists of physical surface variations that can be experienced by the sense of touch.
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False
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Value in art refers to ____ and ____.
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lightness and darkness
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Gesture lines are a type of line with an expressive character.
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True
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Ornamentation in architecture usually functions symbolically or ____.
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aesthetically
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Intensity refers to a color’s ____ or ____.
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brightness or dullness
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Horizontal lines mostly suggest ____.
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rest
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Recent innovations in structural systems include ____.
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reinforced concrete
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An achromatic value scale doesn’t utilize ____.
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colors
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Post and lintel construction is shown by
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the Parthenon
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Load-bearing construction is usually characterized by
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few openings in the walls
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Pendentives and squinches are associated with ____.
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domes
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Buttressing occurs when a straight row of arches are placed side by side.
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False
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Generally speaking, architectural structures are practical, aesthetic, meaningful and ____.
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symbolic
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Steel-frame construction has been likened to ____.
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Skeleton
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In ____ printing, areas that are not to be printed are cut away from the printing surface, so the areas to be printed are left higher.
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Relief
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____ sculptures are meant to be viewed from all sides.
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Freestanding
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The ____ is an early type of photographic process.
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daguerreotype
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Printmaking excludes any medium that can produce multiple copies of an image or a design.
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False
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Some contemporary artists use the craft of quilting as an art medium.
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True
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A(n) ____ print is an example of a relief print.
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woodblock
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Except for very small sculptures, all cast sculptures are created using the ____ method of casting.
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lost wax
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A marble sculpture made by cutting away stone is made in a ____ process.
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subtractive
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Some of the oldest surviving paintings were made on ____.
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clay vessels
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The various branches of art making activity, like painting or sculpture, are called ____.
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disciplines
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Gesso is a white, paint-like substance that is brushed onto paper or canvas to serve as a ground for painting or drawing.
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True
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The surface or material that underlies a two-dimensional work of art is called the ____.
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support
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____ is a type of printmaking process which uses a slab of limestone or metal and oily crayons, pencils or liquid.
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Lithography
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A silverpoint drawing is ____.
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made by using a thin stylus made of silver
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Gouache is a type of watercolor, which has Chinese white chalk added to it to create an opaque surface.
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True
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Slip is an acid-resistant resin used to make aquatints.
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False
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Ceramics are found in almost every culture, from ancient times to the present.
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True
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Tempera paint is often used to create ____.
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sharp lines and details
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From an art historical perspective, drawing is one of the newest forms of art making.
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False
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Unlike most printmaking processes, monoprinting is a type of printmaking that makes only one copy of an image.
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True
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A subtext of Hopper’s Nighthawks would be ____.
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a sense of impending doom or entrapment
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Gerhard Richter’s series of fifteen paintings entitled October 18, 1977 reflects ____ ideas.
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poststructuralist
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From the moment a work of art is made, its content is subject to change.
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True
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Structuralists believe that in order to understand a work of art, one must study the structure of art and the complex ____ of all its parts.
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interrelationship
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The Tlaloc Vessel is frontal and symmetrical, which is symbolic of ____.
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formality
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Context refers to the social and ____ conditions that encompass a work of art.
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political
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According to ____, all art supports some particular political agenda, cultural structure, or economic/class hierarchy.
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ideological criticism
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The subtext in an artwork refers to ____.
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its underlying theme or message
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The role of the art critic is ____.
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to describe works of art and evaluate their significance
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In a work of art, content is conveyed primarily in three ways: through its symbolic references; through written materials and cultural context; and ____.
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through the subject matter
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Ideological criticism deals with a work of art’s ____ significance.
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political
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Symbols are culturally determined and cannot be taught.
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False
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Art historians and art critics from different periods of time often have the same interpretations of the same works of art.
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False
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While ____ was important to modernists, ____ is important to postmodernists.
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painting/photography
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Psychoanalytic criticism helps to interpret artwork with strong ____ content.
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emotional
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The most obvious factor in determining the content of a work of art is its subject matter.
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True
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Content is about a work of art’s ____.
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theme
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Formal analysis is important because it is helpful in understanding the ____ of a work of art.
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composition
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Brazilian born Thai artist Rirkrit Tiravanja created a stainless steel Ping-Pong Table called Untitled 2008 (the future will be chrome). This work is a good example of ____ because gallery-goers can play on it.
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relational aesthetics
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Dona Schlesier’s mixed-media piece Setting Cycles has a subject matter, which is ____.
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the materials used to make the piece
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Most people who want to study art in the United States today study in a college or university.
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False
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Due to an accelerated deadline, Michelangelo Buonarroti’s “Sistine Ceiling” was largely painted by his workshop. Michelangelo was responsible for the finishing details.
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False
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In medieval Europe, specialized societies called ____ preserved technical information for artists and regulated art making.
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guilds
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The opposite of an artist working on a commission is an artist working on ____.
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speculation
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Art is kept by various cultures for the following reasons:
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all
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In ancient Rome, art was often displayed in public baths.
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True
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____ is the first artist in recorded history and was associated with the concept of genius.
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Imhotep
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Artists always establish set standards for determining what is art within a culture.
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False
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The pyramids of ancient Egypt served the purposes of the ____.
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rulers
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The iconoclasts were known as:
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image breakers
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An example of a community artwork is the ____.
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AIDS Memorial Quilt
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The treasures given by the last Aztec ruler, Moctezuma, to Spain during the conquest of the Aztecs were carefully preserved for future generations to study and appreciate.
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False
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Art Academies, or schools providing systematized art instruction, are a relatively recent invention for training artists.
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True
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The first academy in Europe started in the ____ century.
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fifteenth
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Persia’s “kitab-khana” were ____ that made illuminated manuscripts.
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libraries
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Leonardo felt that observation was central to ____ and art.
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science
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Museums became common in ____ during the nineteenth century.
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Europe
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Persia’s (Iran’s) “kitab khana” are early examples of academie-like training for artists.
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True
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The pyramids of Egypt are an example of art as a ____ activity.
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social
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The view of an artist as a creative genius rather than a skilled worker began to form in Europe during the ____.
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Renaissance

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