Westernization
Westernization

Westernization

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  • Published: December 23, 2017
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This article is about the influence of Western culture. For the eye surgery, see Physiotherapist. [hide]TLS article has multiple Issues.

Please help Improve It or discuss these Issues on the talk page. This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2010) This article has an unclear citation style. (November 2011) The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject.

(November 2011) The neutrality of this article is disputed. November 2011) An example of Westernizes: Meijer period, Japan, Prince Horopito Highfalutin in happily Western naval dress uniform with white gloves, epaulette, medals and hat Similarity with us General John c. Batten’s uniform. Westernizes or Hesitations (see spelling differences), also Occidentalizing or Occidentalizing (from the Occident, meaning the Western world; see “occident” in the dictionary), is a process whereby societies come under or adopt Western culture In areas such as Industry, technology, law, politics, economics, lifestyle, diet, language.

Alphabet, religion, philosophy, and values. L] Westernizes has been a pervasive and accelerating influence across the world in the last few centuries, with some winkers assuming westernizes to be the equivalent of a way of thought that Is often debated. The overall process of westernizes Is often two- sided in that Western influences and interests themselves are joined with parts of the affected society, at minimum, to change towards a more Westernizes society, in the hope of attaining Western life or some aspects of it. To assume, however, Western societies are not affected or changed by this process and Interaction with non- Western groups is misleading.

Westernizes can also be

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related to acculturation and encapsulation. Acculturation is “the process of cultural and psychological change hat takes place as a result of contact between cultural groups and their individual After contact, changes in cultural patterns are evident within one or both cultures.

Specific to westernizes and the non-western culture, foreign societies tend to adopt changes in their own social systems relative to Western shifts in culture patterns can be seen to take root as a community becomes acculturated to Western customs and characteristics – in other words, westernizes.

The phenomenon of westernizes does not follow any one specific pattern across societies as the degree of adoption and fusion with Western customs will occur at raying magnitudes within different communities. [4] Specifically, the extent to which domination, destruction, resistance, survival, adaptation or modification affect a native culture may differ following inter-ethnic contact. In a situation where a native culture experiences destruction as a result of a more powerful outside force, a “shock phase” can often result from the encounter.

Such a phase is especially characteristic during expansionist or colonialist eras.

During a shock phase, repression using military force may lead to a cultural collapse or ethnicity, a culture’s physical extinction. According to Conrad Phillip Cotta, the Westerners “will attempt to remake the native culture within their own image, ignoring the fact that the models of culture that they have created are inappropriate for settings outside of Western civilization,”[5] Just one representation of the possibly harmful effects of Westernizes. Contents 1 Definition of the West 1.

1 Territorial 1.

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2 Different views 1. 2. 1 Samuel P. Huntington and Westernizes 1.

. 2 Edward Said and Westernizes 1. 3 Personal 2 Process of Westernizes 2. 1 colonization (1492-sass) 2.

1. 1 Europeanization 2. 1. Westernizes in Asia 2.

2 Globalization (sass-present) 3 Consequences 4 Examples of Westernizes Leaders 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading Definition of the West Main article: Western world Territorial The “West” was originally defined as the Western world. Ancient Romans distinguished between Oriental (Eastern, or Asian) cultures that inhabited present- day Egypt and Occidental cultures that lived in the West.

A thousand years later, the East-West Schism separated the Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church from each other. The definition of Western changed as the West was influenced by and bread to other nations. Islamic and Byzantine scholars added to the Western canon when their stores of Greek and Roman literature Jump-started the Renaissance. Although Russia converted to Christianity in 10th century, the West expanded to include it fully when Peter the Great deeply reformed the country’s government, the Netherlands.

6] Today, most modern uses of the term refer to the societies in the West and their close genealogical, linguistic, and philosophical descendants, typically included are those countries whose ethnic identity and dominant culture are derived from European culture. However, though sharing in similar historical background, it would be incorrect to regard the Western world as a monolithic bloc, as many cultural, linguistic, religious, political, and economical differences exist between Western countries and populations. Western civilization is commonly said to include Northern America (U.

S.

A. And Canada), Europe (at least the European Union, FETA countries, European Microsystems), Australia and New Zealand. The definition is often widened, and can include these countries, or a combination of these countries: European countries outside of the EX. and FETA – Due to mainly their membership in he Council of Europe, the European Neighborhood Policy, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and other organizations, these countries are included in the definition of the West. They also share general European culture with countries forming of ELI. Latin America.

Some countries in Latin America are considered Western countries, largely because most of its peoples are racially descended from Europeans (Spanish and Portuguese settlers and later immigration from other European nations). And thus their society operates in a highly Westernizes way. Indeed, most countries in Latin America use their official language, either in Spanish or Portuguese. According to the CIA -The World Fastback-, there has also been considerable immigration to Latin America from European nations other than Spain and Portugal, (For example, from Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, etc.

See Immigration to Argentina, Immigration to Chile or Immigration to Turkey. Although geographically only 3% of Turkey lies in Europe, Turkey has a similar economic system, has a customs union with the European Union in addition to being an official candidate for membership, and is a member of typical Western organizations such as COED, Council of Europe, and NATO. It is usually a member of European organizations for sports and cultural events such as BEEF and the Revision Song Contest.

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