Person Centered Therapy Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Person Centered Therapy?
Person Centered Therapy, also known as Client Centered or Rogerian Therapy, is a type of psychotherapy developed by psychologist Carl Rogers around the 1940s. It focuses on providing an environment where clients can feel safe to explore their feelings and emotions. The therapist provides unconditional positive regard and empathy in order to create a strong environment for the client to grow and heal. Person Centered Therapy has been found to be effective for treating a variety of mental health issues such as depression, anxiety, trauma, and substance abuse. The main goal of Person Centered Therapy is to help the client achieve greater self-awareness and personal growth by focusing on their subjective experience rather than external factors such as diagnosis or labels. The therapist works with the client in an open and non-judgmental way that allows them to speak freely about their thoughts and feelings without fear of judgment or criticism. Through this process, the therapist helps the client gain insight into themselves so they can better understand why they are feeling certain things, how those feelings impact their behavior, and how they can make changes that will lead to positive outcomes. The therapeutic relationship between the therapist and client is critical in Person Centered Therapy; it is essential that both parties trust each other enough for meaningful dialogue about difficult topics. To foster this trusting relationship between therapist and client, Rogers emphasized qualities such as warmth, acceptance, genuine understanding (which he referred to as unconditional positive regard), empathic listening skills (which allow clients to express themselves without fear of judgment), and respect for individual autonomy (which encourages clients to make decisions based on their own beliefs). In addition to helping clients gain insight into themselves through dialogue with the therapist, Person Centered Therapy also involves helping them identify goals that are important for achieving personal growth. This includes identifying areas where change may be needed in order for them reach these goals faster or more effectively by addressing any obstacles they may encounter along the way.