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Art Therapy Pioneers

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Who is known as the “mother of art therapy”?
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Margaret Naumberg
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What is Margaret Naumberg most known for in her professional accomplishments?
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Opened the walden school and developed art therapy programs for psychiatric patients. Promoted the field.
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What is Margaret Naumberg’s orientation?
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Psychodynamically oriented with reverence to Freud and Jung.
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How did Margaret Naumberg use art therapy?
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Provided fluid mediums with few directives and asked participants to make interpretations or associations.
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What is Arthur Robbin’s orientation?
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Psychoanalytic with an emphasis on object relations.
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Don Jones was instrumental in forming the ___________ and making art therapy a recognized field.
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American Art Therapy association.
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What assessment did Don Jones develop?
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Don Jones Assessment: Client is asked to imagine a journey and stop at 4 points. They are asked how they would go forward and drawing each answer. They are then asked questions.
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Which approach is Don Jones?
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Humanistic; focused on process. Used process to self heal.
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Edith Kramer was one of the first two _________ of the art therapy profession.
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Major theoreticians.
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What therapeutic approach is Edith Kramer associated with?
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Psychoanalytic.
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Edith Kramer believed in _____________.
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Art AS therapy.
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What therapeutic approach is Edith Wallace associated with?
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Jungian.
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Edward Adamson is known as the ________.
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British Father of Art Therapy.
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Edward Adamson had what therapeutic approach?
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Humanistic.
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What professional accomplishment is Edward Adamson known for?
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Establishing first training program for art therapists.
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What is Myra Levick most known for?
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Founder of the American Art Therapy Association.
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What is Myra Levick’s therapeutic approach?
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Psychodynamic.
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Like Naumberg and Kramer, what is Elinor Ulman’s orientation?
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Psychoanalytic.