Heredity Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Heredity?
Heredity is the passing of traits from parent to offspring and plays a significant role in determining an individual’s physical characteristics, such as eye color or height. Heredity works by transmitting genes, which are located on chromosomes, from parent to child through the process of sexual reproduction. These genes contain instructions for how a person will look and act. In addition to physical characteristics, heredity is also responsible for influencing some aspects of personality and behavior. For example, research suggests that certain mental disorders can be passed down from parents to their children through genetic inheritance. People may also inherit some tendencies toward certain behaviors or interests that have been observed in their relatives. Heredity is only one factor that affects an individual’s development; environmental influences are also important. An individual’s lifestyle choices and experiences can play a significant role in shaping who they become as adults. Nevertheless, heredity still remains an important factor in many aspects of our lives and helps explain why people may share similar traits with their family members.