Basic Unit Of Heredity Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Basic Unit Of Heredity?
Heredity is the passing of genetic information from one generation to the next. The basic unit of heredity is the gene, which is a section of DNA located on a chromosome that contains instructions for creating proteins. Genes contain information that determines an organism’s traits and can be passed down to offspring through sexual reproduction or asexual reproduction. Different versions, or alleles, of genes can be passed on, with some alleles being dominant while others are recessive. Variations in these alleles result in different phenotypes (visible physical characteristics) in individuals. Today, technology has enabled scientists to analyze and manipulate genes at an unprecedented level. For example, genetic engineering involves using techniques such as gene splicing and cloning to alter the genetic material of organisms for various purposes such as producing medicines or crops with desirable traits. Additionally, modern sequencing technologies have allowed us to make powerful discoveries about how our genes influence our health and behavior. In conclusion, the basic unit of heredity is the gene; it carries information from one generation to another by means of sexual or asexual reproduction and can be manipulated scientifically today through methods such as genetic engineering and sequencing technologies.