Sex and Gender Discrimination
Sex and Gender Discrimination

Sex and Gender Discrimination

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  • Pages: 2 (1039 words)
  • Published: November 2, 2021
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Sex and gender are terms which in most cases are used interchangeably but generally means different from social view point. Although sex categorizes individuals as either male or female, gender involves behavioral, physical and personality characteristics which differentiates male from female members. Gender differs from sex since it relates to personal behaviors which are based on the biological sex. The society expects the males and females to have different attitudes, characteristics and behaviors which defines their gender roles. In this case, behaviors and perceptions of individuals are shaped by the society such that one does what he or she is expected to do depending on whether individual is a male or female. Therefore role can be described as what the views as a woman or man. For example, most communities’ aspect women to cook, collect firewood, fetch water and care for the family while men are expected to work outside the home and offer security as well as provide necessities for the family. Sex and gender discrimination refers unequal treatment of male and female in the work place in which women face the consequences. In this case women are considered disabled which has recently become an issue of discussion in today’s society.

Sex and Gender discrimination in the Workplace

According to Badgett et al., (28) most organizations have over the decades dis


criminated against sex or gender in their employment practices as well in their work responsibilities. In this case most employers consider women unsuitable for the critical and top job positions unlike their male counterparts who have same skills, knowledge and experience (Badgett et al., 29). Although many employers discriminate against sex or gender in the employment opportunities in which women are the victims, it is clear that women have capability to perform just like their male counterparts who have same skills and experience (Brake and Deborah, 893).

Sex or gender discrimination causes females be denied job chances, unlawfully fired or even harmed by their employers through low wages and sexual harassments. Some of the unlawful discriminatory acts in the work place are outlined as follows (Leitner and Sigrid, 99); Firstly, discrimination during hiring, firing or promotions. Most company are more comfortable when dealing with men than women. This causes them not to hire women even if they possess excellent qualification and required experience (Brake and Deborah, 895). Sometimes such companies restructure their management team and fire female employees without concrete reasons. In some other instances, qualified and experienced women are denied job promotions and they are given to male counterparts even if they are less qualified. Secondly, Companies discriminate when advancing benefits to its employees (Leitner and Sigrid, 101). In this case some worker’s insurance policy covers their spouse and family while other coworkers’ spouses and families are not covered and thus some workers end up paying more health benefits than others.

Thirdly, discrimination in payment practices. Men are perceived to be more hardworking than women and thus they end up receiving more wages and salaries than men. Lastly is discrimination in job classification (Leitne

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and Sigrid, 103). Most women are restricted from getting high positions in the organizations. They are also neglected from added responsibilities and overtimes as compared to their male counterparts. Sometimes they are even placed in lower level positions with less pay since they believed to be subject maternity leaves and get tired when they work for long hours unlike the male employees (Schraiber et al., 659).

The issue of discrimination against sex or gender in the workplace can be resolved through adherence of the federal laws under Civil Rights Act of 1964 which protects employees from discrimination against sex or gender (Krieger, 1273). These federal laws prohibit employers from discriminating in their recruitment, retrenchments and other employment conditions such as promotions and salary increments. In today’s work, groups and people who are victims of discrimination are investing much in resolving the problems. In this case, many women workers have formed Women empowerment groups which protects their rights in as per the employment contract. Other women are going back to school to acquire more knowledge and skills which increases their competitiveness for high job positions. Discrimination of women in the workplace makes them feel isolated and thus they are demoralized from working hard and sacrificing of their time for the company (Krieger, 1277).

Sex or Gender discrimination in the workplace can be related to social conflict theory in sociology which describes the society as arena of inequality which constantly creates conflict and social change. In this case, society is viewed to be structured so as to benefit few at an expense of majority (Leitner and Sigrid, 106). This can directly be linked sex or gender discrimination where men benefit at an expense of women especially in the workplace. The author of the article is balanced in his views since her discredits discrimination against sex or gender in the workplace. According to the author, discrimination of any kind in the workplace is illegal act which violates federal laws under the Civil Rights Act of 1964.


Discrimination against sex or gender in the workplace is the factor which undermines company’s growth and profitability. The victims of the behavior feel demoralized hence they end up not working hard. Others feel isolated thus not part of the company. Therefore organizations are encouraged to employ equal employment opportunities in their hiring and firing practices. To avoid this kind discrimination, employers should adhere to frameworks set by federal laws which protects employees from discrimination.

Works Cited

  1. Badgett, M. V., et al. “Bias in the workplace: Consistent evidence of sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination.” The Williams Institute (2007).27- 35.
  2. Brake, Deborah L. “Reviving Paycheck Fairness: Why and How the Factor-Other-Than-Sex Defense Matters.” Idaho L. Rev. 52 (2016): 889-919.
  3. Leitner, Sigrid. “Sex and gender discrimination within EU pension systems.” Journal of European Social Policy 11.2 (2001): 99-115.
  4. Schraiber, Lilia Blima, et al. “Validity of the WHO VAW study instrument for estimating gender- based violence against women.” Revista de saude publica44.4 (2010): 658-666.
  5. Krieger, Nancy. “Racial and gender discrimination: risk factors for high blood pressure.” Social science & medicine 30.12 (1990): 1273-1281.
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