Gender issues that affects the life’s of Americans living in United States and their effects. Domestic violence has been on rise in United States, it usually involves rape, physical assault and stalking. Rape encompasses attempted or completed vaginal, oral or anal sex. Physical assault consists of a plethora of behaviors from slapping or hitting to using a gun or other life threatening objects (Olshansky et al, 2005) .Stalking involves repeated acts of harassment and intimidation with the those affected reporting a high level of fear and avoidance to report to authorities (Thornton et al, 2001). Survey shows that rape cases represent 7.7% and 0.3% , physical assault 22.1% and 7.4% , stalking 4.8% and 0.6% on women and men respectively (Olshansky et al, 2005) . This has led to increased cases of depression, reduced self-esteem and low work performance levels in workplaces, moreover, suicides due to stigma aftermath of the experiences. Hence; this essay discusses gender issues and effects in lives of Americans in United States.
Transgender represents itself as another alarming gender issue in United States. Transgender refers to persons whose gender identity, gender expression or behavior does not align to that essentially connected with sex they were perceived to have or assigned at birth. (Olshansky et al, 2005). These people have fought for acceptance, protection and recognition among other minorities. With increase of states legalizing gay marriage and acceptance into pop culture, both gay and lesbian population has gained increased dominance and protection in recent years. Contrary, this group of individuals has not been given the similar rights. In addition, 700,000 transgender people exist in the United States (Olshansky et al, 2...
005). This issue has resulted into many deaths particularly in year 2011 where an average of 1 person was killed and maimed in every month because of their identity (Thornton et al, 2001).
Although, gender equality is human rights, disparity has been witnessed in access to jobs and decision making powers for both men and women. This has seen women secure fewer opportunities for economic participation than men in the United States, accompanied with reduced access to basic and tertiary education, enhanced health care and limited political representation. Although U.S is higher in economic empowerment, women earning power remains approximately 20% lower than that of the opposite gender (PMays et al, 2001). This is real in the states besides, women having very high ranking of educational attainment. Today there is higher number of women in colleges than men (Thornton et al, 2001)
In conclusion, Americans have been affected in many ways by gender issues including employment, political and social cultural ways of life.
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- Gender Identity
- Gender Stereotypes
- Human Sexual Behavior
- Sexual Orientation
- Cultural Diversity
- Gender Discrimination
- Peer Pressure
- Racial Profiling
- Gender equality
- Gender Inequality
- Women Empowerment
- Women'S Rights
- Women's Suffrage