Deferred Dream and Importance of Achieving Goals Essay Example
Deferred Dream and Importance of Achieving Goals Essay Example

Deferred Dream and Importance of Achieving Goals Essay Example

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  • Pages: 3 (1481 words)
  • Published: February 27, 2022
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A dream is an aspiration that one hopes to achieve by a certain age or while they are alive. Dreams are different for different people as some dream to be doctors, others to be good parents and others dream to be wealthy. Most people do not find their road to achieving their goals being simple, but one has to keep moving on so that they can realize their dream even if it is later than expected (Bloom, & Hobby 03). America has its dream for every citizen that each citizen will every citizen will have an equal chance to be successful through determination and hard work. However, over the history of the country, there has been a time when race and skin color has hindered some citizens from achieving their dream.

In the play, a raisin in the sun there are four characters that have different ideas, but all wish to succeed in their fields. Lena is a mother and grandmother who wish to see her family living a better life than the slum life they are living. However, her dream is deferred when her husband’s dies and she left alone to guide her family and to provide for them too (Hansberry 13). Walter is Lena’s son, and she lives with his wife and son in Lena’s two bedroom apartment. Their son sleeps in the living room, and he is a chauffeur to a white man. Walter is not happy with his state in life and his dream of giving his family a good life seems almost shattered.

Beneatha is Walter’s sister and L


ena’s daughter, and she dreams of going to college and pursuing medicine. However, she feels that her gender and skin color limit her from achieving her dreams. Moreover, she keeps questioning why God is letting them live a filthy life if he exists (Hansberry 15). Beneatha wants to find a good man, but most want her for beauty instead of her brains. Ruth is Walter’s wife and has a son named Travis. She cleans the house and gets casual jobs as a cleaner in other houses. Her dream of getting wealthy seems deferred when she discovers she is pregnant and contemplates on aborting the baby.

Lena receives an insurance check of ten thousand dollars for her husband’s death, and everybody’s hopes are lifted up. She sees this as an opportunity to buy her family a good home; Walter finds it a good chance to open up a liquor business and Beneatha sees it an excellent opportunity to continue with her education (Hansberry 15). Walter had always told his son of the good life that white people live and the school their children attend. This check stood as a gateway for him to show him what he meant with the stories he told him. They all see the check as a breakthrough to a good life that they all dream of.

Lena uses 3,500 dollars to buy a home in a white neighborhood because she feels that the home will be vital in helping her family achieving a better life. She buys a house with a garden at the back where Travi

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can pay and where she can have a small garden. When Walter finds out, he feels belittled even starts drinking and does not go to work (Hansberry 17). When Lena finds out what she has done, she gives Walter the remaining 6,500 dollars and asks him to use 3,500 dollars for Beneatha studies while he uses the rest for what he wants. Walter is pleased by his mother's act, and their relationship seems to flourish in a positive way.

Lena’s dream of getting her family a good home seems to be deferred again when a man from the white neighborhood comes to their home to offer them twice as much as they had bought the home. The man asks them to take the money and give up their newly acquired home as it was in a white neighborhood. Walter throws the man out but later goes to look for him when he discovered that his business partner had run away with the 6500 dollars that Lena had given to Walter. Apparently, Walter had given his liquor business partner all the money Lena had given him (Hansberry 20). Beneatha’s dream of completing medicine is deferred, as Walter had not set aside 3,500 dollars as advised by Lena. Walter feels that he has no option but to accept Lindner’s offer so that the family can recover the money lost. However, Walter realizes that money is less important than family love and dignity thus stands for his family’s dream to move into a new home as he refuses to take Lindner’s offer.

The American dream is that every American irrespective of their color or gender gets equal opportunities to pursue their dreams (Bloom, & Hobby 07). From the raisin in the sun, we see that the American dream means more to whites than it does to blacks. Lena’s family is not given a chance to move to a new home though they can afford it, as the neighborhood is constituted by whites. They are even offered double the amount they bought the home so that they can give up their dream.

Martin Luther King in his speech, I have a dream, said that he dreams a free America where all citizens both white and black would be able to live together even in the whites-only neighborhoods. Lena and her family were being denied the chance to live the American dream by Lindner and his neighbors, and that is why they wanted to buy Lena’s home with a double price. King expresses that he dreamt of an America where all races worked and struggled together (Bloom, & Hobby 10). From the play, this statement seems to be contrasting as Walter is a white man's chauffeur and his wife is a cleaner for the whites. They are not given the same chance to work hard and attain success as the society discriminates against black people. Martin also says that he has a dream that Negros will stop moving from a small ghetto to a bigger one as a means of advancing their lives. When Lindner comes to offer the family money to give up their dream, he seems

to be advocating for them to move to a bigger ghetto instead of them moving to a better neighborhood.

Langston’s poem dream deferred questions if a dream is deferred it rotten and this is evident in the play raisin in the sun when Walter’s dream of owning a liquor shop seems deferred when his business partner runs off with the money (Whitfield 09). He entrusts his friend with the money because he feels that it is time to achieve his long-deferred dream but things do not turn as expected. Langston further questions whether a deferred dream sags or is a heavy load. This is experienced in the play by Lena when she constantly feels that she has not done enough to help her family achieve their dreams and reach their goals.

The poem questions whether a deferred dream explodes and in the play an explosion of a deferred dream when Walter gets money from Lena. He feels so much need to achieve a dream of owning a liquor store that he risks his sister’s studies by giving his partner all the money (Whitfield 10). The explosion is even worse when he discovers that the partner has run away with all the money. Again, his dreams seem to explode when he feels that he must recover all the money lost by accepting Lindner’s money though accepting the money would mean that the family’s dignity is lost and dream to own a home is deferred.

One can achieve their dream if they keep pushing to reach it irrespective of the odds they face. Lena was able to reach her dream of giving her family a decent home because she made the right choice when the opportunity came. Walter almost deferred his family’s dream when he accepted Lindner’s offer. Further, he almost postponed Beneatha's dream when he gave his business partner all the money his mother had given him. Walters need to fulfill his need to a better life seems to be overriding his love for his family though he corrects some of the mistakes he had done. Kings dream was to see that everybody gets an equal opportunity, and that is happening today. One has to be focused to achieve their goal and to ensure that they consider what others hold dear.

Works Cited

  1. Bloom, Harold, and Blake Hobby. The American Dream. New York: Bloom's Literary Criticism, 2009. Print.
  2. Hansberry, Lorraine. A Raisin in the Sun: A Drama in Three Acts. New York: Random House, 2002. Print.
  3. Whitfield, Jo'rell H. The Deferred Dream. Cork: BookBaby, 2012. Print.