A Functionalist View On Poverty Sociology
Around the Philippines itself, imagine seeking through refuse, debriss, rivers full of waste, rubbish and rubbish ; imagine seeking through mopess, or burrows along the streets, looking for nutrient to fulfill ageless hungriness. Try to see the calamity ‘Hanging Habagat ‘ has dealt on some parts or moreover on some poverty-living people in the Philippines? Look around you, look around the universe you are populating, many people faces the same state of affairs as mentioned ; hungriness, thirst, unemployment – all because of poorness. What could hold caused a state of affairs like this to happen? Simple.A Lack of instruction, hapless wellness, and favoritism play a cardinal function in doing poverty.A Those causes can hold an huge impact on states, continents, and furthermore the Philippines itself.
Specifying the theory in my ain position, functionalist/functionalism is really celebrated and by far one of the best-known sociological position used for understanding the realisation of the society in which we live at nowadays. Basically, functionalism affirms that about everything ; irrelevant, immaterial or distinguishable as it may look, is indispensable to the overall public-service corporation – merely talking, about all things in the society has a intent ; more or less a certain and likely map ; that everybody toils as one to assist keep the society to map in a pleasant and harmonious mode, or furthermore abduct an equilibrium position.
The Functionalist position or Functionalism was established by Emile Durkheim, a great Gallic Sociologist in the 18th-19th century and was expounded by great American sociologist, Talcott Parsons in the same century.
Searching through the net itself, you would n’t be able to seek for likely positions that easy on Durkheim ‘s attack to the current societal issue faced today by Filipinos, poorness. Why? Literally because poorness was n’t something that he expounded on among societal issues present today, unlike positions on gender, race or likely aberrance, Durkheim was able to turn to his positions on such. Try to see, was Durkheim able to compose mere functionalist positions in the Philippines itself? Was he able to show his thoughts on how a functionalist position on poorness should be in localities such as Manila, Quezon City, Cebu and others? No, because Durkheim writes his position as a whole, and non by certain state represents. Well I guess taking the subject itself was a entire hazard, but seeking to cover with the subject helps us research on new positions, new positions and likely to research beyond what we know at present ; what the subject truly tries to enforce is for us to look at what Durkheim did with functionalism, or simply the functionalist position – what the certain position connotes and entails – and try to research beyond from that position, what Durkheim, as a perceptibly outstanding functionalist sociologist, would believe sing poorness in the Philippines.
Functionalists see everything in society as holding a map or likely a intent. Just like parts of your organic structure, hands map to touch or keep things, pess function to walk or run around, or ears map to hear mundane sounds. Poverty is no freedom, if it is a constituent of the society, it must hold a likely map, but the inquiry is, what is it? Poverty, harmonizing to Functionalists encompasses two chief maps.
Motivates us to work harder than what we are likely making at some point, allow us state cunctation. If people wants to gain and accomplish success, people should so cognize to pull off everything and work every bit hard as they likely could. Working with perspiration is much better than working with poorness, [ sabi nga ng mga Pilipino “ kapag may tiyaga, may nilaga diba? “ ] , and believe it or non ; poorness remains a changeless reminder to everyone, why? Who knows, possibly poorness is merely right in forepart of you without cognizing.
Another map that poorness creates is the procedure of giving out a factor of enjoyment, felicity and likely that experiencing we ‘ve ever wanted. [ Some people lose, while some people gain. ] As workers, or for me as college pupils who aspire great chances ; we all need to be able to mensurate how good we are making, how good we are acquiring, and besides acquiring the sensible feeling that “ all this difficult work is worth it ” .
Puting yourself in some serious mentality, harmonious thought would assist you understand the whole position of poorness itself.A It ‘ll likely necessitate some critical thought or furthermore deep analysis – but it ‘s all good the worth.A Basically, the inquiry it wants us to comprehend is: How does poverty come about and what intent does poverty function from a functionalist position?
In my ain position, the manner I understood things – from a functionalist position, poorness allows for the constitution of calling professions or merely occupations itself – at that place Filipinos who specialize in supplying services to persons who live in poorness – like Filipinos working at the Departments and Governments, or Philippine NGO ‘s concentrating on homeless and poverty-living persons. A From the point itself, we could see that without the presence of poorness itself and poverty-living persons, those who focus and serve them would likely populate with callings or simply unrecorded under the universe of unemployment.
Poverty every bit good, through appraisal, drives one ‘s self-esteem. A When those who are in in-between category ( kumikita ) , lower-middle category ( sapat ) , and upper category ( mayayaman ) are experiencing down and out, they can size up people populating in poverty – people endeavoring around corners, seeking to do terminals convene when the terminals come nowhere near to one another – and can experience better about themselves. A In assisting the hapless Filipinos to avoid anguish and desperation, poorness attempts to be like a kind of medicine for the society – guaranting societal maps of those who are advanced on the economic stratification graduated table.
Another thing is, as I ‘ve mentioned above, poorness does actuate Filipinos to work harder than of all time. When certain people stumble on the fact that they are already enduring either financially/economically, they experience phases of poorness and happen such feeling of sorrow, or in other words they do non measure to bask such province ; they see others bing in slums and crud, swimming through the inundations the Filipinos have faced in assorted locations who aspire for ‘better ‘ , and so, people who “ has ” so works harder, analyze harder – increasing the productiveness to guarantee that they stay out of poorness.
Poverty is markedly across-the-board, and is an highly complex issue in the Philippines. Look around you, look around the Philippines ; mendicants among streets, among stepss, among roads, among refuses, among cruds and the similar, good this is how we define poorness. Sing from a functionalist position in the Philippines, we can state that equilibrium would ne’er go on in the state itself. Why? Cardinal points to see, functionalist perspective relies on the presence of intents, simply a map ; for the Philippines to map we must hold different characters in the universe ; rich people would be rich while hapless people would be hapless, decidedly the simplest manner to specify such. In other words, we need to hold poorness, we need to hold hapless Filipinos in order for us to hold rich 1s. If we have no poorness, there can be no rich people. Makes sense? No hapless people, no rich people. Then how do we specify, or how do we screen people harmonizing to their ways of life, deriving and likely bring forthing. To wrap it up, poorness must needfully be an indispensable portion of the metameric division we are populating in as a whole, the Philippines.
Social issues will ever be complicated, furthermore many-sided in a manner. But refering to this, the reply to poverty will ever be an intricate, complex to admit – but in my overview, seeing such positions learned, complicated it may look – but it is, most decidedly, one well-worth tackling, one well-worth acquisition and one well-worth addressing.
( Theory of Society, 2005 ) .
Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //gse.buffalo.edu/fas/bromley/classes/foundations/readings/theories.htm
( Austin, 2006 ) .
Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //cssr.berkeley.edu/bassc/public/CompletePovertyReport082306.pdf
( Schaefer, 2011 )