The Fall Of Rome Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is The Fall Of Rome?
The Fall of Rome is one of the most significant and controversial events in world history. It marked the end of an empire that had lasted for over a thousand years and its impact on Western civilization has been profound ever since. Rome’s decline began with political instability, economic turmoil, military defeats, environmental problems and religious conflicts. All these factors combined to bring about the fall of this great empire.Political instability was one major factor in the collapse of Rome. The Roman Republic was replaced by the imperial autocracy of Augustus which caused widespread dissatisfaction among citizens as well as other nations who saw it as a form of tyranny. As control weakened at home, foreign enemies such as Goths and Visigoths began to encroach upon Roman territory. Eventually they sacked Rome itself in 410 AD marking what many consider to be the beginning of its demise.The economy also played an important role in Rome’s downfall due to inflation, lack of trade opportunities and agricultural issues such as crop failure or diminishing soil fertility which contributed to food shortages leading to social unrest among citizens. Additionally taxation rates were extremely high especially for those living outside the city walls meaning there was little incentive for people beyond them to pay their taxes leading to further financial strain on the government coffers and a decrease in public services such as roads or sanitation systems that were vital for maintaining stability within society itself.. In terms of military might, once invincible legions could no longer protect against barbarian invasions from without or civil wars from within resulting in frequent skirmishes across Europe that severely weakened its hold over much-coveted territories like Britain and Gaul (modern day France). This led not only directly but indirectly into more serious losses including Africa where powerful Vandal tribes initially swept through unchallenged before conquering Carthage in 439 AD eventually laying claim entire continent apart from Egypt which remained under Byzantine rule until Arab conquests late 7th century CE.. Environmental issues compounded existing troubles perhaps even more significantly than any other contributing factor – crop failures due drought periods increased poverty levels throughout region while large scale deforestation denuded forests necessary providing firewood fuel needed by armies army camps during campaigns against Germanic tribes; water shortages caused by depletion aquifers meant fewer available resources both human consumption sustenance livestock farming practices; all these ultimately contributed weakening state power exerting â€˜control’ over vast stretch lands formerly called Imperium Romanum (Roman Empire). Last but certainly not least religion also played role: long drawn out debates concerning Christian doctrine between two main branches Catholic Orthodoxy resulted schism church 1054 AD weakening institution further while conversion Islam among populations North Eastern Mediterranean coastlands added yet another layer complexity already chaotic situation brought about through aforementioned sources conflicting views various belief systems vying supremacy same time period threatened disrupt peace tinderbox environment created preceding centuries prior final collapse imperial authority around 5th 6th centuries our era.