APW concrete details TP2

What year did Rome collapse?476 C.E., the western side of Rome
What were some causes of Romes fall?Rivalry (235-284 C.E. = 26 emperors); wars with the German nomads in the north,
What did the fall of Rome produce?new cultures (German mixed with Latin); no centralized government; small kingdoms that drew on Roman Laws and culture (See more: http://essaylab.com/blog/judaism)

What did the fall of the Zhou dynasty produce?warring states
Why did China fall?rivalries within; wars with the Huns: nomadic people to the north
Yellow turban rebellionpeasant vs land lords in China
religious beliefs in TP2Islam, Hinduism, Christianity, Judaism. Zoroastrianism, Daoism
EmpireLarger, more aggressive states that conquer others
TP2 civilizationsPersia, Greece, Rome, Han China, India
Political of PersiaKings connected to gods; Absolute monarch (whatever king said was done); 23 provinces with each having its own small king that answered to the king (king of kings).
Cyrus and DariusGreat kings of Persia, Persians conquered land from Egypt to India
Ahue MazdaPersian God
Persian culturerespected non Persian beliefs, included Judaism and Zoroastrian
“Royal Road”Trading in Persia and gave wealth/power to the civ.
Social in greecepatriarchy, cities were divided and youd ID by what city you were from
Political in GreeceFree people could run for political positions, Conflicts between cities, even small scale farmers had rights,
Spartamilitary city of Greece
culture of Greecesame language throughout; Olympic games every 4 years (sports big part); Gods on Mt Olympus
Social of Romepatricians, plebeians, slaves; patriarchy where women need protection;
“good Laws” vs “good men”In China, everyone had the same values and were Chinese to ensure that they were good men. In Rome there wasnt much citizenship because a good man just fallowed the laws and didnt need to be unified by religion and values (good laws)
plebianspoor people in Rome
patriciansrich people in Rome
Slaves in Romesource=prisoners, no race factor, 30-40% of the population, thought to be punished by god
Spartacus73 B.C.E. slave rebellion in Rome, rebels were crusifyed
Political of Romefrom monarchy to republic to empire;
Punic Wars264-146 B.C.E. Rome vs Carthage; part of Romes expansion and effort to control the Mediterranean Basin
Romes Monarchy700 B.C.E., beginning of Rome as city-states, overthrown by aristocrats in 509 B.C.E. and turned into republic (formed a senate)
Expansion into Italian Peninsulabegan in 490 B.C.E. lasted 500 years, and resulted in control of the Mediterranean Basin and included the Punic Wars
Civil War in Romepoor people unhappy with the rich, Ceaser became dictator for life (and military leader)
Reign of Augustus27 B.C.E. -14 C.E. first emperor and kept appearance of republic with senate
Pax RomonaPeace within Rome, peak of control, first two centuries of C.E.
Social of Han ChinaConfucianism= patriarchy and elders; officials= upper class; merchants= unpopluar
yin/yangDaoists balance to everything (yang= masc. strength) (yin= fem. emotion, weakness)
3 obediences of ConfucianOf women: the father, the husband, the sons
Qin Dynastynamed himself Shihuagd (first emperor); built the Great Wall;
very strict=unpopluar legalist; unified China
legalismbased on humans not being smart; they need to be controlled; no gods or supernatural. used in Qin Dynasty
“mandate oh Heaven”rulers of China
Imperial Academya feature of Han China out of their Confucian culture. Educate boys (wealthy) to become officials; complete with standardized tests
Castapuity of blood between dark and lighter skin people in India
Varna4 classes of the caste system: Brahmans (head, preists); kohatrya (Arms, warriors); vaisya (legs, commoners); sundrals (feet, servants)
Jatisubgroups of each varna; occupational based
Mauryan EmpireIndian empire 326-184 B.C.E.
AshokaMauryan Emperor that converted to Buddism; the only Budist emperor in India
Gupta EmpireIndian empire 320-550 C.E.
Judaism1st monotheist faith; yeweh (god); basis for Christianity; spread by being kicked out of Rome
HinduismDarmah: duty/ purpose based on caste; Karma: born better if your good and opp; semarah: cycle of rebirth; Moksha: release from cycle; keeps structure in society with caste system
confucianismmoral examples teaches to be good people (son learns from father, etc) based on education; primary belief in Han China
Daoismunity of opp (yin and yang); simplicity; dao hoa= the way; nature and leaving society
Buddhismsame idea as Hinduism (karma and rebirth); nirvana: heaven/ meaning of life; 8 fold path: eight steps to enlightenment; nonviolent; universal; four truths (stop desire, you stop suffering)
Christianitymonotheistic; life of Jesus: the son of god/ misiah; salvation: going to heaven vs hell; universal; spread through missionaries
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