Age Of Discovery Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Age Of Discovery?
The Age of Discovery, also referred to as the Age of Exploration, was a period from the early 15th century to the early 17th century during which European explorers and navigators sailed across oceans in search of new lands, trade routes, and knowledge. The voyages were spurred by a variety of motivations which included economic gain, scientific progress, increased power for their home countries, religious conversion of indigenous peoples and glory.This era marked one of the most important periods in history as it allowed Europeans to expand beyond their own continent and gain access to many diverse cultures around the world. It can be argued that this exploration gave Europe an advantage over other regions in terms of technology and military might. During this time period there were numerous achievements made both technologically and geographically with maps being improved upon while new lands were discovered. One example is Christopher Columbus who initiated contact between Native Americans and Europeans when he landed on San Salvador Island in 1492 beginning what would later become known as the Columbian Exchange. This exchange brought about huge changes to both regions including agricultural goods such as potatoes, tomatoes and maize traveling from America to Europe while animals like horses traveled from Europe to America.In addition to technological advancements made during this time period there was also an increase in scientific knowledge with astronomy playing an especially large role due to its importance for navigation at sea. Tycho Brahe developed more accurate instruments through his observations while Johannes Kepler formulated three laws that provided a better understanding into how planets revolve around stars leading up modern day astrophysics today. Furthermore discoveries made not only added onto existing theories but entirely overturned older ones such as Nicolaus Copernicus’s heliocentric model which proposed that Earth rotated around Sun instead of vice versa like Ptolemy had previously thought centuries ago before him . Overall the Age Of Discovery was undoubtedly one that changed human history forever by allowing Europeans access into parts unknown which ultimately lead them towards greater power than ever before seen along with significant advances in science technology geography etcetera making it one of if not THE most influential eras all times .