Unit 8: Medieval Christian Europe Part I

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Justinian
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This emperor instituted legal changes that guided society, and those ideas spread to other parts of Europe.
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Dark Ages
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The Middle Ages are often referred to as this because of the political disorder that resulted from waves of invasions in Europe.
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Growth of the Byzantine Empire
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This resulted from Constantinople controlling key trade routes that linked Asia with Europe.
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West Coast
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People living in this part of Europe had to be prepared for raids from ferocious invaders from Scandinavia.
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Formation of feudal kingdoms
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This was a result of the fall of the western Roman empire.
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Feudalism
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Contributed to the social changes found with in the Manor System.
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Manorialism
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This system provided a way for feudal lords to efficiently manage large estates.
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Self-sufficient
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The manor was a ? community that could grow its own food and attend to its religious needs.
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Women
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The roles for this group of people were often determined by birth and social order. Examples of roles they could play were household managers, spinners and weavers.
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Military service
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By providing ?, knights demonstrated characteristics of the social hierarchy of feudalism.
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Children
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If you were a peasant in this group during medieval times, you worked with your family in the fields. If you were a noble in this group during medieval times, you were sent away from home to learn from relatives or friends.
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Traveling Friars
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One way that Christianity spread across Europe was because of ? that lived and preached among the common people.
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Church Power
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A chapter in a textbook that contains information about interdict and papal supremacy would be about ?
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Eastern Orthodox
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Prior to the Great Schism, the ? church allowed priests to marry and the emperor had authority over the pope.
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Crusades
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The ? led to an increase in the number of wars between religions and cultural diffusion between different regions.
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Concordat of Worms
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As a result of the ? the Church was given the power to elect and invest bishops but the emperor could invest them with fiefs.
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Magna Carta
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This document provided protection for English citizens but did not provide equal protection.
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Increased power of French monarchy
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Granting charters to new towns, introducing a national tax and expanding land holdings led to the
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Central Rule
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Hugh Capet, Phillip Augustus, and William the Conqueror were all feudal monarchs who took measures to strengthen ?. They did this by setting up government bureaucracies, using a money driven economy and instituting uniform laws and justice systems.
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Power
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Secular and religious leaders struggled over ? during the Middle Ages.
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Rural serfs
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Medieval Europe was characterized by a large population of ?
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Icons & Papal Supremacy
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The Roman Catholic Church and the Greek Orthodox Church disagreed over these two items…
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Money-based system of exchange
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The economic impact of the Crusades was the development of a
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Reconquista
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This movement led to the expulsion of non-Christians from Spain.
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Law Investiture
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Pope Gregory VII sought to limit the power of the Holy Roman emperor on this matter.

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