Information Processing Model Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Information Processing Model?
Information Processing Model is an established theoretical model of how humans acquire, store, process and retrieve information. This model attempts to explain how we are able to take in new knowledge, organize it into meaningful bits of information and then use this information to make decisions and solve problems. In essence, the Information Processing Model describes the cognitive process that takes place from input to output. The Information Processing Model divides the cognitive process into four consecutive stages: Input, Encoding, Storage and Output. The first stage involves taking in information from our environment or through our senses such as vision or hearing. The second stage is encoding where information is organized into meaningful chunks that can be manipulated by our brains. The third stage is storage where this encoded information is stored in either short-term or long-term memory for future recall and use. Finally the fourth stage involves retrieving this stored data which allows us to recall past experiences or apply existing concepts when solving a problem. In addition to these stages there are also other components involved in the Information Processing Model such as working memory (which stores data while you’re actively using it) as well as attentional mechanisms which help filter out irrelevant stimuli so that only important cues reach your working memory for further processing. Furthermore there are also decision making processes involved which can enable us to generate solutions based on our stored knowledge and past experiences whilst evaluating various alternatives before coming up with a suitable choice for any given situation. Overall, the Information Processing Model provides us with an insight into how we acquire, store and process new knowledge by breaking down complex cognitive operations into simple steps that can be easily understood by anyone interested in understanding how human cognition works.