Exceptional Children

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Legally recognized categories of exceptionality are defined by
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the IDEA
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Which of the following does not have its own defined category under IDEA?
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ADHD
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From an educators point of view, identification is necessary when the student
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requires special adaptations in the educational program
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in defining the term children with exceptionalities, which characteristic is most central?
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the child’s deviation is extensive enough to warrant modification of educational practices
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using tiers to deliver different intensity of instruction and intervention is an example of
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Response to Intervention RtI
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RtI is
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a multilevel approach of academic intervention used to provide early, effective assistance to children before referral to special education and identification
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The RtI model is designed to
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provide intervention before and after formal identification
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the Information Processing Model
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is a model for understanding the complex way children learn
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Prevalence is difficult to measure because
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Differing criteria may be used to identify children with exceptionalities
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What is not a right given to parents under Public Law-94-142
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They cannot control the teacher and school their child is assigned
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LRE is
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providing services in a setting that is close to normal as possible
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What piece of legislation provides access to services for children who may not be judged eligible for services under IDEA
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Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act
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Board of Education vs. Rowley is significant because
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it suggest that there is a limit to the resources that children with exceptionalities can expect
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Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Citizens (PARC) vs. Commonwealth Pennsylvania ruled that
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children with intellectual and developmental disabilities have a right to a free and appropriate education
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What is not a recent trend in education
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Tracking
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IEP’s are
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required of every student with a disability receiving special services
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Prior to the 1930’s, support for children with severe disabilities was
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provided in large state-run hospital like institutions
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Part B of IDEA provides funds for children between what ages
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3 to 5 years old
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The central task for early intervention is
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to provide necessary supports and services to optimize the child’s development as early as possible
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Apgar test
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Heart rate, respirator effort, muscle tone, and general physical condition, including skin color
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Research suggest that a child with a disability is abused or neglected _________ than other children
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more often
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Child Find
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requires that states identify, locate, and evaluate all children from birth to 21 who are in need of early intervention services or special education
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A multi-terired approach that support the RtI framework is
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the Pyramid Model
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Early intervention should be started
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as soon as the disability is diagnosed
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Although ______ original work was with children with IDD, it is now widely applied to teaching of young typically developing children
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Montessori’s
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The degree to which individuals meet the standards of personal independence and social responsibility expected of their age and cultural group is an indication of their
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Adaptive Skill
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The intensity of support for students with IDD is measured in
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intermintten, limited, extensive and pervasive
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Paragraph vs. Essay on same assignment is
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a tiered assignment
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The leading cause of inherited IDD?
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Fragile X syndrome
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A system used with children with IDD to present the information to be learned in the most accommodating style for the student’s needs is called
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universal design for learning
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Differentiated instruction means
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adjusting the level of difficulty of tasks to fit the level of development of the child
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An example of a Tier II activity to improve social skills in children with IDD is
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a small group discussion in social skills with the children with IDD and children from a regular classroom
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One of the disorders included under autism spectrum disorder is
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pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified
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Sergio exhibits the social problems typical of autism but he is highly intelligent and has age appropriate language skills.
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Asperger’s syndrome
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Autism Spectrim Disorders are _________ disorders
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neurological
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ADS can be correctly recognized in children as young as
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2 years old
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Children with ASD most typically do NOT have difficulties in which aspect of central processing?
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Memory
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An approach that can assist children with autism in becoming less anxious about unpredictable classrooms is called
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Structured teaching
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What is not a symptom of ADHD as defined by DSM-5?
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Scores lower than average on standard tests of cognitive ability
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The primary difficulty for most children with ADHD is where in the IPM
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Executive function
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Kara’s IEP requires that she work with a reading specialist to address reading difficulties. Where is Kara on the RiT model
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Tier III
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One type of behavior passed from generation to generation is
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physical abuse
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Suicide ranks as the _____ leading cause of death in teenagers
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third
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Students with EBD have the most problems in ______ of the IPM?
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Executive functioning
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An example of a tier II behavioral support activity
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positive behavior support
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Semantics is
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the meaning of words and sentences
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The ability to receive and understand a message is
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receptive language
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Language disorder
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Impaired comprehension and/use of spoken, written or other written verbal symbol system
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Most language skills are fairly well in place by the child’s ______ year of life
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third
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When cerebral palsy affects just one side of the body it is called
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hemiplegia
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An inherited progressive disorder in the muscles is called
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muscular dystrophy
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Muscle tone that is abnormally high is called
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Spastric cerebral palsy
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Which of the following is true concerning epilepsy?
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It an usually be controlled by medication
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The identification of children with Physical disabilities and health impairments is the responsibility of
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physicians
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An example of RTi Tier III support for a student with a physical disability is
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occupational therapy sessions
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Age-approate skills are based on the child’s
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chronological age
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Functioning skill
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folding clothes
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Dynavox is an example of
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an augmented and alternative communication deivce
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the _______ movement served as a model for the Americans with disabilities rights movement.
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Civil Rights
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The first major legislative act was in year
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1917
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What child would have the most difficulty in school
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Mary, 12 years old who was born with a severe hearing loss
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The most common cause of hearing loss for children in their preschool years is
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Otitis Media
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What percentage of children with hearing loss is a result of genetic factors
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50%
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Reading levels of deaf children are
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substantially lower than those of their hearing peers
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the sequence of language development in deaf children
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follows the same pattern of children who can hear
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Rti Tier III for a hard of hearing child is
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working with a guidance councilor to become a better self-avocate
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Braille training is part of Tier _________ for blind children
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III

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