Cognitive Psychology Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Cognitive Psychology?
Cognitive psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on the study of mental processes, including thinking, problem solving, decision making and memory. Cognitive psychologists use a variety of techniques to explore these processes in different contexts, from laboratory experiments to field studies. The goal of cognitive psychology is to understand how people acquire knowledge and skills, construct meanings and solve problems in their everyday lives.Cognitive psychologists often employ various research methods such as interviews, surveys, questionnaires and tests. They also utilize computer models or simulations to gain insights into mental activities such as reasoning or decision-making. By studying how people perceive information, process it and make decisions based upon it, cognitive psychologists can gain an understanding of the underlying operations involved in behavior. This knowledge can then be used to develop strategies for improving performance on tasks such as problem solving or decision making. The findings from cognitive psychology are applied in many areas including education and health care settings where they help create better learning environments for students; design more effective training programs for professionals; improve medical diagnosis; and enhance treatment approaches for those with psychological disorders. Additionally, advances made by cognitive psychologists have been incorporated into artificial intelligence systems which require complex problem solving abilities similar to those found in humans.