Goal Setting Theory Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Goal Setting Theory?
Goal Setting Theory is a psychological theory that suggests that setting specific, challenging goals can lead to an increase in motivation and performance. This theory was developed by Edwin Locke and Gary Latham in the 1960s and has been used to explain how people become successful in a variety of settings.The theory states that individuals will be motivated to reach a goal if they feel it is important, attainable, and they have the required skills and resources to achieve it. Goals should also be specific so that people know exactly what needs to be achieved, as well as measurable so progress can be monitored. It is also useful for individuals to set deadlines so there is a sense of urgency when reaching the goal. In order for this theory to work, feedback should also be provided on progress towards the goal. This helps individuals stay focused on their objectives, make adjustments when needed, and feel rewarded for their efforts when successes are achieved. Additionally, environmental factors such as support from others or positive reinforcement can help motivate individuals even further towards achieving their goals. Overall, Goal Setting Theory provides an effective model for success because it allows people to focus their energy on reaching specific goals with defined criteria instead of vague aspirations or ideas.