Basic Ethical Principles Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Basic Ethical Principles?
Basic ethical principles are guidelines that have been established to help individuals make decisions in an ethical and responsible manner. Ethical principles cover a broad range of topics, from relationships between people to the way business is conducted. These basic principles serve as a foundation for proper conduct and provide guidance on how we should treat others.The first basic principle is respect for persons. This means treating others with dignity and respect no matter their race, gender, religion or any other distinguishing characteristic. We must always remember that each person has inherent value and deserves to be treated with courtesy at all times. The second principle is beneficence which requires us to promote the well-being of others above our own interests or desires. This means acting out of concern for what will benefit someone else rather than ourselves. It also involves weighing risks versus benefits when making decisions about another person’s life or health. The third principle is justice which calls upon us to ensure fairness in all dealings by being equitable, impartial and consistent in our decision-making processes. We need to consider both present situations as well as potential future consequences when determining outcomes so that all parties involved can trust that they will receive fair treatment regardless of the situation at hand. Finally, the fourth principle is autonomy which encourages individuals to take responsibility for their own lives by allowing them the freedom to make choices independently without interference from outside sources such as family members or authorities figures like government officials or employers alike. Individuals should be able abide by their conscience based on their own values rather than external influences whenever possible while still respecting the laws governing society as a whole . By adhering to these four basic ethical principles we can create an environment where everyone feels respected and understands what behavior is expected from them within certain social settings whether it be personal relationships, professional scenarios or even within legal systems themselves . Having a clear set of rules helps shape those around us into better versions of themselves leading towards greater overall harmony among peers .