A Research on Sex Crimes
A Research on Sex Crimes

A Research on Sex Crimes

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  • Pages: 6 (3027 words)
  • Published: November 21, 2021
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Abstract

Sex crimes are not new crimes. They have plagued the human society from time immemorial. They are a form sexual behavior in human beings that are considered as offenses. Sex offenders are the persons who perpetrate such acts. Sex crimes can be violent acts that involve copulation or may comprise violations of societal norms such as indecent exposure, incest or sodomy. The crimes vary from culture to culture, and the punishment mete also differs accordingly. In most countries, however, the law intervenes in sexual activities that involve children and adolescents who are below the legal age to give consent, deliberate non-consensual displays, incest, bestiality, and necrophilia, or where there is nuisance, harassment, sexual assault, injury, fear or grave risk of abuse of professional relationships. This study examines at depth the prevalence and impacts of several forms of sex crimes including rape, child sex abuse, and sex trafficking both on the victims and offenders.

Introduction

Sex crimes are offenses that involve coerced or illegal sexual behavior against another person. They comprise a category of sexual conducts proscribed by law. Some examples of sex crimes include rape, statutory rape, prostitution, solicitation, indecent exposure amongst others (Turvey, 20

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11). The part of the law that deals with sex crimes has seen significant reforms in the past few decades. Though sex offenses are not a new phenomenon, public concern and awareness with regards to sex crimes have grown considerably, leading to the formulation and enforcement of new procedures and rules of evidence, new police techniques and methods, and new ways of investigating and prosecuting offenses. Based on the severity and nature of the individual crime, sex offenses can be grouped into assault offenses, statutory offenses, offenses involving protected persons or kids, and offenses involving vulgar displays, pornography or content (Turvey, 2011). All sex crimes are often considered very serious offenses and especially assault crimes, which cover crimes such as sexual assault with the use of deadly force or weapons and rape. The specific punishments for sex crimes are based on the status or age of the victim, severity of the crime, use of deadly force or weapons, and the criminal history of the defendant. Assault crimes bear the most severe penalties and the same applies to sex offenses involving kids (Hockett & Saucier, 2015). Convictions for sexually based crimes can be quite damaging to defendants because they have to confront public shame as well as lose the ability to get certain careers or jobs in addition to dealing with fines and jail terms.

Sexual deviance, on the other hand, alludes to atypical sexual conducts broadly defined in medical, legal or moral terms. It involves acts in which individuals seek sexual gratification via means that are deemed odd, unacceptable or different to either the majority or the very influential individuals in one’s community (King & Roberts, 2015). Like most other forms of anomalies, sexual deviance is defined differently based on the background, morals, location, and beliefs of the persons in question. It is also a notion concerning whic

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many people hold very strong beliefs, and react in ostracizing and stigmatizing ways. The term itself connotes a behavior with a sexual element in it and is considered a breach of either the limits or expectations of behavior or general societal norms for a given cultural setting. In most cases, sexual conduct of which all the parties involved do not fully agree to it is deemed deviant, for instance, exhibitionism, where the recipients are unwilling, and rape (Hickey, 2005).

In all, the issue of sexual deviance is quite complex because deviance and conformity are relative terms. The subject is made more intricate by the fact the definition has been changing with time, for instance, people have been getting increasingly receptive of some of the behaviors that initially were considered deviant such as homosexuality. Such acts now are seen as acceptable and normal. Sex crimes constitute a part of sexual deviance. The difference between sex crimes and sexual deviance, however, lies in the fact that some acts of sexual deviance are not punishable by law while all sex crimes are punishable by law once the conviction is made (King & Roberts, 2015).

Literature Review

Rape

Rape is a form of sexual violence that often involves sexual penetration carried out against an individual without his/her consent. It may be done through coercion, abuse of authority, physical force or against someone who cannot give a valid consent, for example, an unconscious person, one who is incapacitated, intellectually disabled, or is below the legal age to give consent (statutory rape). Consent may not be expressed in words, but can be implied from the parties’ relationship and context. The lack of objection does not amount to consent (Holmes & Holmes, 2009). Duress is a situation in which one is threatened with violence or irrepressible force so that there is no objection, which may lead to a presumption of consent. Both blackmail and abuse of power constitute duress (Holmes & Holmes, 2009). One point worthy of note is that prisons, both male and female, tend to have high rates of rape incidences that often go unreported, perhaps making them the least reported rape forms. The most common form of rapes in these settings are female-on-female and male-on-male rapes (Letherby, Williams, Birch, & Cain, 2011). Rapes are considered war crimes and crimes against humanity when they are carried out in a systematic and widespread fashion during international wars. When rape is done with the motive of destroying in part or in whole a targeted ethnic community, it is recognized as a part of genocide (Letherby et al., 2011).

Rape can be classified as statutory rape, date rape, war rape, gang rape, acquaintance rape, marital rape, prison rape, child sexual abuse, and incestual rape (Hockett & Saucier, 2015). Marital rape is a form of domestic violence, which had been widely ignored by law previously, but is now becoming increasingly criminalized. The practice, nonetheless, is still legal in many countries, or just accepted and tolerated as a prerogative of the husband where it is outlawed (Hockett & Saucier, 2015). Rape victims vary in age, sexual orientation, gender, and even degree of disabilities

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