The Process Of Globalisations Sociology Essay Example
The Process Of Globalisations Sociology Essay Example

The Process Of Globalisations Sociology Essay Example

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  • Pages: 4 (950 words)
  • Published: July 18, 2017
  • Type: Essay
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This essay investigates the influence of globalization on households worldwide, exploring three different perspectives: the Globalist, Internationalist, and Transformationalist positions. These viewpoints examine the cultural, political, and economic dimensions of globalization. As defined by Baylis & Smith (2001), globalization creates greater interconnectedness among societies with significant global impacts. The Globalist position sees it as an inevitable development that traditional political institutions cannot resist or influence. Conversely, the Internationalist perspective argues that its significance is overstated as a new stage. Finally, Transformationalism suggests that globalization is an ongoing process shaped by human intervention; examples will support each viewpoint. According to transformationalists, while globalisation has significant effects, these are not inevitable and governing bodies at various levels still play critical roles in shaping outcomes. This contrasts with globalists who overestimate its impact; instead,


transformationalists see societal activities as mainly regional rather than planetary and thus value nation-states greatly.The expansion and diversification of families beyond the idealised nuclear family can be attributed to globalisation, as argued in an essay. The availability of information technology and communication has allowed people worldwide to access different types of families including single-parent families, same-sex families, stepfamilies, divorced families, among others. This cultural change challenges preconceived biases about family structures in the United Kingdom. Although Poland has a traditional family-style life rooted in its history of first marriages, changes have occurred since the early 19th century that have affected traditional households like decreasing marriage rates and birthrates. Currently, 15% of males and 10% of females under 50 years old are unmarried in Poland indicating that they are shifting away from conventional types towards multiple kinds. This shift is viewed from globalist, transformationalist an

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internationalist perspectives where globalists predict homogenization while transformationalists see a blending of various household types. Internationalists point out conflicts between world cultures due to fragility within global culture. Like the UK, Poland underwent changes in family type during its Golden Age.The changes in family types are recognized as valid by both globalist and transformationalist perspectives. The diversity of relationships within families has become more complex, resulting in new arrangements. In the past, young women would marry young men during the 1950s, and their relationship would last until death separated them. However, parental expectations have become less standardized nowadays, leading to more complexity among family relationships (Hughes and Fergusson 2004, p.58). Economic factors have significantly impacted UK households due to the decline in full-time employment opportunities for men and an increase in employment opportunities for women who now support family economic resources alongside one or two parents in any combination of part-time/full-time roles (Hughes & Fergusson, 2004, p.78). Moreover, high rates of cohabitation and childbearing outside marriage caused by increased participation of women in economic activities can cause familial economic and social upheavals (Mcrae, 1999). Globalization is not only seen affecting Vietnam but also United Kingdom households mainly regarding the economy's impact on familial structure. International infrastructure such as microcredit programs initiated by the United Nations prioritize women's participation in economic activities over men due to globalization (Held, 2004).The Moroccan economy has experienced a notable rise in the percentage of women participating in economic activities, reaching 35% compared to other Arab states (Naples & Desai, 2002), while Bangladesh's economy has also seen an increase in women's paid employment due to trade liberalization (Kabeer & Mahmud, 2004).

Experts argue that these examples demonstrate how boosting women's participation in paid work can expand and diversify economic networks and bring long-term benefits for both genders and countries. However, transformationalists believe that the international economic system is undergoing significant changes. I think that a combination of globalist, transformationalist, and internationalist perspectives is the right approach to understanding economic globalization, though some aspects may not be entirely accurate. National authorities have delegated power to organizations like the United Nations and World Trade Organization as part of an internationalist stance. Meanwhile, families in the UK have experienced a decrease in non-dependent children from their golden age until today due to shifts in work requirements for men and women requiring greater expertise. Consequently, children have become more reliant on their families as they lack business skills or knowledge of their own.Furthermore, the escalating number of divorce cases leads to neglectful parenting as individuals prioritize their careers over their children. Moreover, I believe my stance is influenced by political ideology as gender equality policies in the UK emphasize feminism and address imbalanced power dynamics between men and women within families. Feminist theorists welcome evolving family structures that promote equitable and progressive relationships among people of different genders and ages, both internally and externally (Hughes & Fergusson, 2004 p.64). One notable example is "US Third World feminism," a feminist theory concept (Jackson & Jones, 1998) with global implications for the UK through globalization. The Globalist perspective suggests national governments are losing power while Inter-nationalists argue domestic and international employment can be expanded and managed. Transformationalists contend countries do not lose their authority but work collaboratively with other actors. In terms

of politics, legal changes such as Civil Partnerships' legalization in many nations permit same-sex couples to marry like any other couple.The Netherlands, Belgium, and the United Kingdom were among the first countries to legalize same-sex marriage in 2001, 2003, and 2005 respectively. More recently, Vietnam has also seen an increase in gay couples getting married. Despite globalization, Vietnamese law does not recognize same-sex marriage leading to discrimination. To address this issue of diversity in family styles worldwide, I have written a persuasive essay highlighting how families have evolved from the Golden Age to present day in the UK. These changes are inevitable and cannot be significantly influenced by human intervention. There are currently three varying schools of thought on how globalization affects families which should be considered when analyzing its impact on families around the world.

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