The Munich Putsch Essay Example
The Munich Putsch Essay Example

The Munich Putsch Essay Example

Available Only on StudyHippo
  • Pages: 4 (1099 words)
  • Published: November 3, 2017
  • Type: Essay
View Entire Sample
Text preview

The Munich Putsch (arms revolt or coup) was an attempt to overthrow the government by Hitler and the Nazis. Hitler's aim was to take control (advantage) of the social and political problems that were troubling Germany at that time, then march on to Berlin to set up a dictatorship.

The Bavarian leader - Gustav Von Khar - was a monarchist and was in favour of Bavaria becoming an independent state. Khar set up a meeting in the Munich Beer Hall on the 8th November 1923 with the commander of the Bavarian army - Otto Von Lossow - to discuss items dealing with a possible breakaway by Bavaria, in order for it to become independent.This was very much against Hitler's views and ideas because he wanted a united Germany. Hitler attended the meeting with the aim of overthrowing the gov


ernment and taking full control.

Outside he had 600 SA members guarding the hall and twenty armed brown shirts poised at his signal to take control. They came marching in and temporary command was achieved. Hitler took the two leaders into a side room and told them that they weren't allowed to leave unless he told them so. Hitler then addressed the audience and told them about the planned march to Berlin and that Germany would see a new government tomorrow.

This was cheered by the crowd, Khar and Lossow decided to back Hitler because of their response and the Putsch was on. The Bavarian army refused to back the Putsch and a state of emergency was declared. The cause seemed lost but they carried on with their plans because like Kapp Putsch, they believed that the Bavaria

View entire sample
Join StudyHippo to see entire essay

army would not shoot at them. They then marched to the centre of Munich with Hitler and Erich Von Ludendorff (a war hero and an opponent of democracy) and a shoot out occurred with the police.During the confusion Hitler managed to get away but was arrested along with Ludendorff two days later, this eventually ended up with him being charged and sent to prison. I feel that the attempted coup failed for several reasons.

The Bavarian army and police were never behind Hitler's plans and would therefore resist if given orders to do so. Also claiming from inside the hall that the army and police barracks were contained and had been earlier seized was a mistake. This gave everybody a false sense of security and naturally you would proceed with a coup - if you thought that most of the resistance had been accounted for.Khar and Lassow, after appearing to back Hitler, were not present at the meeting in the hall overnight. Meaning that they could then obviously see for themselves that nowhere had been seized and make alternate plans.

In retrospect the whole attempt was a very good thing for Hitler. It created media frenzy during the trial; Hitler was never away from the front pages of the papers for twenty one days, across the entire country. This gave him a celebrity status which could only be an advantage to the party.Also while he was in prison he wrote 'Mein Kampf' and the proceeds from the book went straight to the party so that they could fund its propaganda programme.

While he was in prison he also realised that he couldn't topple the government

using his previous methods. He decided that the way to win was to bring down the democratic system from within - he would use democracy to gain power - then once in power he would then discard democracy. A famous quote from Hitler backs this fact up "If we can't out shoot them, we'll out vote them" Gregor StrasserGregor Strasser was a German war hero who was awarded the IC for bravery during World War One. He joined the Nazi party and took part in the Munich beer Hall Putsch and after its failure he was briefly imprisoned. Upon his release he became a member of the SA and eventually became an important figure with a following of his own. With this following, he developed and became the leader of a revolutionary wing of the Nazi party.

Strasser was a socialist and opposed many of Hitler's views including his policy of trying to win the support of Germany's major industrialists.Strasser was also very outspoken and this caused a major rift between himself, Hitler and some of the parties other leaders. In December 1932 Hindenburg invited Strasser to become the chancellors deputy, Hitler challenged this move claiming it was an attempt by the government to cause a split within the Nazi party. With this in mind, Strasser resigned from the party and found work in a large chemical firm - but the damage was already done! In 1934 he was arrested by the Gestapo as part of the Night of the Long Knives operation. He was taken to Gestapo headquarters and shot in the back of the head.The Night of the Long Knives ended with over

one hundred ex or existing members of the SA being executed, a percentage of the killings were payback for the members that spoke out aloud against Hitler's views and plans.

The Bamberg Conference The Bamberg Conference was held in February 1926 when Hitler restored unity to the party and introduced the Fuhrerprinzip (leader's principle). The meeting he called was said to be a bit of a gamble because he didn't want to encourage the members that preferred more of a socialist programme.To reach his targets he had to stage manage the proceedings to get Strasser and his delegates to tow the line. Hitler chose Bamberg because it was an area that had a very high nationalistic majority and therefore they were sympathetic to his views. He handled the delegates with ease and instead of the meeting being a debate; it ended up being a long rambling speech by Hitler.

Within the crowds cheering he pleaded with Strasser to not forget the memory of the National Socialists and eventually brought the two sides together - although differences remained and the problems within the party were far from over.This stage onwards saw the recovery of the Nazis lost ground. By mid 1926 Hitler was back in control of the Nazi party. Because of the dwindling membership and the lack of new recruits, Hitler decided that the parties' image needed reviving.

He set up an elite force responsible for his own protection, a bodyguard of men. They were to be known as the Schutzstaffel or SS and they would play a major role in Nazi rule over Germany in the future.

Get an explanation on any task
Get unstuck with the help of our AI assistant in seconds