Social And Cultural Anthropology Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Social And Cultural Anthropology?
Social and cultural anthropology is the study of human societies and cultures, and their development. It covers a wide range of topics such as language, social structure, education, politics and economics. Anthropology is an incredibly diverse field of study with many different approaches to understanding the world we live in.The main focus of social and cultural anthropology is on how people interact in their environment. It looks at how culture influences the way people think, act, and live within a given society or region. This includes examining factors such as gender roles, religion, technology, art forms like music and literature, economic systems like capitalism or socialism, political systems like democracy or dictatorship , racial relations , class stratification , urbanization , migration patterns , family structures etc. Anthropology also focuses on how different cultures use language to communicate ideas about themselves and others. Another key concept in social anthropology is that all societies have some form of shared culture; however there are variations between them due to environmental factors such as climate or geographic location. Cultural relativism is an important concept which states that no one culture is superior to another; instead it suggests that all cultures must be understood within their own context before making comparisons between them. In addition to looking at cultural differences, anthropologists also explore similarities between cultures; looking for patterns which reveal something about human nature more generally. This could include things such as religious beliefs across different societies or universal aspects of storytelling across time periods. By looking beyond individual cases anthropologists can gain insight into larger questions about human behavior around the world. Social and cultural anthropology has had an enormous impact on our understanding of humanity over the past century; providing us with fresh perspectives on our lives through its cross-cultural approach to research.