Social Problems Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Social Problems?
Social problems are challenges facing a society that are caused by, or related to, aspects of social structure and/or the interactions among individuals and groups within society. These can include poverty, racism, violence, health care disparities and environmental degradation. Social problems are often interrelated and have both immediate and long-term impacts on individuals as well as on societies.In terms of poverty, it is defined as a lack of resources necessary for an adequate standard of living. It can manifest in a wide range of ways including food insecurity, inadequate housing conditions, lack of access to education or employment opportunities, physical health issues or mental health issues. Poverty can lead to further social problems such as increased crime rates and poor educational outcomes for students from disadvantaged backgrounds. Solutions for alleviating poverty could include government assistance programs such as providing access to basic needs like food stamps or subsidized housing; improving job opportunities; creating job training programs; introducing taxation policies that favor low-income earners; increasing access to affordable healthcare; providing better education options in disadvantaged communities; increasing public support services such as childcare or transportation assistance; reforming criminal justice systems to reduce disproportionate incarceration rates among certain communities; investing in infrastructure development projects designed to reduce economic inequality in areas with concentrated levels of poverty.Racism is the discrimination against people based on race or ethnicity which can be expressed through systemic forms such as institutional racism or more direct forms such as verbal abuse or harassment. It has been linked to various other social issues including educational inequality between races due to segregated schools and unequal access to resources; disparities in employment opportunities due inequality in hiring practices based on racial bias ; higher rates of incarceration amongst minority groups due to racially biased policing practices ; poorer quality healthcare outcomes amongst minority patients due lack of cultural competency amongst medical professionals ; residential segregation leading unequal distribution of government resources ; etc Solutions aimed at addressing racism could include implementing anti-discrimination laws ; holding employers accountable for discriminatory practices ; creating diversity initiatives within institutions like schools , workplaces , healthcare settings , etc which would promote inclusion , foster understanding between different cultures and create equitable access across racial lines. Additionally investing more money into historically underfunded minority neighborhoods so that the population there will have equal opportunity for social mobility. Finally encouraging greater engagement with members from different ethnic backgrounds through activities like community service projects , mentorship programs , networking events etc. Violence is any act which causes physical or psychological harm towards another person either directly or indirectly .