social problems ch. 1

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which of the following terms refers to a point of view that shows us how society affects the experiences and choices of individuals?
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sociological imagination
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we tend to assume people are responsible for their own troubles because our way of life in the US emphasizes
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individualism
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a social problem is defined as a condition that
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harms some or all members of a society and is usually controversial
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the social constructionist approach asserts that
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problems arise as people define conditions as undesirable and in need of change
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although there is less gender inequality today than there was a century ago, people today are more likely to view gender inequality as a social problem than people were back then. this pattern reflects the fact that
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we now expect men and women to be socially equal
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the process of convincing the public and important public officials that a particular issue should be defined as a social problem is a process that sociologists call
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claims making
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sociologists use which of the following concepts to refer to a statement of how and why specific facts are related?
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theory
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which of the following concepts refers to a basic image of society that guides theory and research?
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theoretical approach
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which theoretical approach sees society as a system of many interrelated parts that operate together?
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structural functional approach
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which theory would you be using if you studied how social problems arise when rapid change overwhelms society’s institutions?
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social disorganization theory
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which of the following concepts refers to the consequences of a social pattern that are intended and widely recognized?
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manifest functions
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if you were studying how society is divided by gender inequality, which theoretical approach would you be using?
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the feminist approach
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class conflict theory is an explanation of social problems guided by the thinking of
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karl marx
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according to marxist theory, social problems such as poverty result from
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the operation of a capitalist economy
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if a researcher wishes to present a series of written items to subjects for their response, which of the following methods would the researcher select?
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questionnaire
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compre to questionnaires, interviews offer a researcher the chance to gain greater
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depth of understanding
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which method has researchers investigate cause and effect relationships under highly controlled conditions?
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the experiment
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in general, economic liberals favor
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govt policies that will reduce economic inequality
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which of the following would have the support of social conservatives?
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use of the death penalty to punish the most serious crimes
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a research project that uses date from the US census bureau is an example of which of the following research methods?
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secondary analysis

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