Obstetrics Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Obstetrics?
Obstetrics is a branch of medicine that focuses on the care, treatment and management of women during pregnancy, labor and delivery, as well as after the baby has been born. It involves monitoring the fetus’ growth throughout pregnancy; diagnosing any potential complications; providing prenatal counseling, education and support to expectant mothers; performing cesarean sections or other surgical procedures when necessary; delivering babies vaginally or by caesarian section; and caring for both mother and baby post-birth. Obstetricians also provide preventative health services such as vaccinations, screenings for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), contraception counseling, family planning advice and diet guidance. The field of obstetrics has seen many advancements over recent decades from improved diagnostic techniques to safer birthing practices. The use of ultrasound screening in pregnant women has made it possible to detect developmental problems earlier than ever before while modern medicines have reduced the mortality rate associated with childbirth significantly. Other advances include new pain relief methods during labor such as epidurals and improvements in neonatal care that enable preterm infants to survive at younger gestational ages than previously possible. The role of an obstetrician often goes beyond simply delivering babies they are involved in every stage of a woman’s reproductive cycle from puberty through menopause. This includes helping women manage menstrual difficulties like dysmenorrhea or heavy bleeding; providing contraception advice; determining fertility issues; educating patients about their bodies throughout different stages of life; treating conditions such as endometriosis or ovarian cysts; managing high-risk pregnancies due to medical conditions such as diabetes or hypertension among others tasks related to gynecology. Overall, obstetricians play an important role in ensuring healthy outcomes for both mother and baby throughout pregnancy and beyond.