Second Stage Of Labor Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Second Stage Of Labor?
The second stage of labor is the pushing stage, marked by the active participation of the mother in pushing her baby through the birth canal. This stage usually begins with a deep urge to push and often lasts between 30 minutes and two hours, but can take up to three hours or more. During this stage, the mother will actively bear down on her perineum (the area between her vagina and rectum) while using abdominal muscle contractions to push out her baby. The cervix should be fully dilated at 10 centimeters before this phase can begin. While actively pushing, a woman may experience support from her healthcare provider as well as family members who are present. Her coach may help by providing physical support such as holding onto their legs during contractions, counting aloud to encourage them or reminding them when to breathe deeply during pushes. Additionally, it is important for women to stay hydrated throughout this stage of labor in order to provide enough energy for effective pushes. During the second stage of labor there are several possible interventions that a healthcare provider might suggest in order to help facilitate delivery or protect against further complications such as epidurals and episiotomy (a procedure where an incision is made in order for greater space for delivery). It is important for women to know their preferences regarding these potential interventions prior so that they can make an informed decision on whether they would like them performed if necessary. The second stage of labor marks a major accomplishmentthe culmination of months of anticipation. Once complete, mothers have officially brought their child into the worlda truly momentous occasion filled with joy and relief.