(Quiz 2) Medical Assisting Chapter 9: Emergency Procedures and First Aid

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Definition
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Any instance in which individual suddenly becomes ill and requires immediate attention
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First aid
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Designed to render immediate and temporary care to persons injured before arrival of health care practitioner
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Emergency situations
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Choking and breathing crises, chest pain, bleeding, shock, stroke, poisoning, burns, wounds, sudden illnesses (fainting/falling), illnesses related to heat and cold, and fractures.
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Shock
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Cardiogenic, hypovolemic, neurogenic, anaphylactic, septic, respiratory, traumatic
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Closed wounds
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Do not usually present emergency situation. RICE and MICE procedures.
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RICE
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Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
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MICE
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Movement, Ice, Compression, Elevation
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Now substituted for tourniquet
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Constriction band
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Dressings
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Sterile gauze pads placed directly on wound
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Bandages
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Nonsterile wraps placed over dressings
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First-degree
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Superficial; top layer of skin
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Second-degree
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Skin red and blisters appear; very painful
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Third-degree
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Affect or destroy all layers of tissue; fat, muscles, bones, nerves. Can look charred or brown. Great pain or, if nerve endings destroyed, burn may be painless.
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Sprain
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Treat with RICE or MICE method
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Strain
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Applications of ice and heat as well as rest
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Fractures
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break in a bone
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Open wound
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characterized by protruding bone
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Closed wound
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skin not broken
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Four ways poison can enter the body:
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Ingestion, Inhalation, Absorption, and Injection
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Fainting
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syncope
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Seizures
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convulsions
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Diabetes; Type 1
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Insulin-dependent
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Diabetes: Type 2
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noninsulin-dependent
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CVA
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Cerebral vascular accident. Common term is stroke.
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CVA signs:
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Numbness in face, arm, leg on one side of body, loss of vision, severe headache, mental confusion, slurred speech, nausea, vomiting, difficulty in breathing and swallowing, paralysis.
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Heart attack:
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myocardial infarction (MI)

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