First Aid and CPR Answers

question

Two types of emergencies that require first aid?
answer

sudden illness and injury
question

The Lay responder’s first step of an emergency is?
answer

recognizing that an emergency exists
question

What are the 4 common indicators of an emergency?
answer

sound, light, odor, and appearance/behavior
question

The most important thing you can do in an emergency is…?
answer

call 911
question

What is the worst thing you can do in an emergency?
answer

do nothing
question

As a Lay responder the most important thing you can do is?
answer

call 911
question

You are caring for the victim of an accident when the victim suddenly becomes uncooperative and threatens to hurt you. What should you do?
answer

Withdraw and wait for the EMS personnel to arrive
question

There is a lot of blood on and around the victim. What could be a barrier of action?
answer

Fear of disease transmission
question

The first thing you should do when interviewing a victim is?
answer

introduce yourself and gain the victims consent
question

Good Samaritan law protects
answer

protection for people who give first aid in good faith
question

Why is it important not to move a victim from the scene unless there is immediate danger?
answer

moving a victim can lead to further injury
question

What is one general guideline for moving a victim?
answer

lift with your legs, not your back
question

True of False: injuries to the musculoskeletal system may result in life-threatening damage to the circulatory and respiratory systems
answer

True
question

What is the primary muscle used in breathing?
answer

diaphragm
question

On a hot day, the skin of some people appears red. Which two body systems act together to make this happen?
answer

Integumentary and circulatory
question

The process of breathing occurs in the
answer

respiratory system
question

If the respiratory system fails, which other body systems will eventually fail?
answer

All body systems
question

What is the purpose of your initial check of the victim?
answer

to determine whether any life-threatening conditions are present
question

Before beginning a check for life threatening conditions you should first:
answer

check the scene
question

Once you determine the person has no life threatening conditions you should:
answer

check for other injuries or conditions that could become life
question

After checking for consciousness, you determine that a person is unconscious. What should you do next?
answer

have a bystander call 911
question

When you give reduce breaths, how much air should you breathe into the person?
answer

enough to make the chest clearly rise
question

What should you do when checking a conscious person?
answer

ask questions, ask for consent, do not touch or move any injured areas on the body
question

When checking a child for non life threatening conditions, how do you check?
answer

observe the child closely before touching him, starting with the child’s toes
question

Cardiac arrest is the condition in which?
answer

the heart stops beating or beats too ineffectively to circulate blood
question

The most prominent signal of a heart attack is?
answer

persistent chest pain or discomfort
question

Atherosclerosis is?
answer

the build up of fatty deposits on the inner walls of arteries
question

Pain from a heart attack results from?
answer

the heart not getting the oxygen that it needs
question

Chest pain or pressure that comes and goes at different is sometimes called
answer

Angina pectoris
question

True or False: Most people who die from a heart attack do so within 1 to 2 hours after the first signals appear
answer

True
question

Nitroglycerin is a medication often prescribed for angina. It works by?
answer

dilating blood vessels
question

The first thing you should do when you think someone is having a heart attack is?
answer

Have the person stop what he or she is doing and rest comfortably
question

CPR does….
answer

circulates the blood that contains oxygen to the vital organs
question

CPR compressions on an adult are preformed using
answer

two hands on the center of the chest
question

CPR compressions on an infant are preformed using
answer

Just the fingers of one hand
question

Under 12 the problem is probably
answer

respiratory
question

Over 12 the problem is probably
answer

heart
question

Diseases can be spread
answer

direct and indirect
question

Cardiac chain of survival
answer

early recognition, early cpr, early defibrilation, early advanced medical care.
question

The cycle of 30 compressions and 2 breaths in CPR for an infant victim should take?
answer

about 18 seconds

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member