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A&P Ch 19/29

question

If both mother and father are heterozygous for a trait showing simple dominance, what is the probability that one of their future children will show that trait?
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75 percent
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Most of the plasma proteins required in the coagulation process are produced by __________.
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the liver
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Granulocytes are produced in __________.
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red bone marrow
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Which of these statements about basophils is not true?
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They are abundant
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Red blood cells carry __________ to the lungs and __________ to the tissues.
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carbon dioxide; oxygen
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The enzyme that dissolves fibrin is named __________.
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plasmin
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Except for the amount of __________, plasma and interstitial fluid differ little in composition.
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protein
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People with type “O” blood are considered “universal donors” for transfusions because __________.
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their blood lacks A and B antigens
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The complex process that leads to the formation of fibrin from fibrinogen is called __________.
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coagulation
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A person with a type A positive blood type can safely receive blood from all of these donors except __________.
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B positive
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During fibrinolysis __________.
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clots slowly dissolve
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Plasma makes up approximately what percentage of whole blood?
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55%
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The agranular leukocyte (agranulocyte) that is capable of phagocytosis is the __________.
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monocyte
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Megakaryocytes are the source of __________.
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platelets
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Which of these is not a surface antigen found on red blood cells?
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O
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If an individual has a functional allele on one chromosome but a non-functional allele at the same position on the homologous chromosome, they are genetically __________ for the trait.
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heterozygous
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The largest white blood cell in circulation is the __________.
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monocyte
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The common pathway in coagulation ends with __________.
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conversion of soluble fibrinogen to insoluble fibrin
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Granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) stimulates production of __________.
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neutrophils
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Serum can’t coagulate because the __________ has been removed.
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fibrinogen
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Red blood cells (RBCs) are removed from the circulation after about __________.
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120 days
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If one parent is homozygous for a trait that exhibits simple dominance and the other parent is heterozygous for that trait, their offspring will have a __________ chance of possessing that trait.
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100%
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The formed elements of blood consist of _________.
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red blood cells white blood cells platelets —All of these are formed elements of blood—
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The formed elements are largely produced within the __________.
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red bone marrow
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The white blood cell type that most rapidly increases in number after a bacterial infection is the __________.
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neutrophils
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Except for __________, the following statements about blood are true.
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pH is slightly acidic
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The most abundant solute in plasma is __________.
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protein
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If a patient has thrombocytopenia, the best therapy is infusion of __________.
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purified platelets
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The most abundant protein in blood is __________.
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hemoglobin
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An important function of thrombocytes is to __________.
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transport clotting factors
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Reticulocyte is a stage in the development of __________.
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red blood cells