Inclusion And Exclusion Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Inclusion And Exclusion?
Inclusion and exclusion are two terms used in a variety of settings, including education, social services and economic development. Inclusion is the practice of including all individuals regardless of their differences in activities, programs and services. Exclusion is the act of not allowing someone to participate or be part of something due to their differences. It is important to understand that there can be both positive and negative aspects to inclusion and exclusion. In education, inclusion refers to the practice of accommodating students with physical or learning disabilities without segregating them from other students in the classroom. This is done through individualized instruction, differentiated instruction, modified curriculum or materials, adaptive technology and other accommodations as needed for each student. Through inclusion students are able to access learning opportunities that they may otherwise not have had access too due to their disability or because they were sidelined from other activities due to a lack of understanding about their disability by others. This also helps create an inclusive environment in which all students feel accepted and supported no matter what their abilities are. Exclusion on the other hand refers to practices that deny people access due to their differences such as race, gender identity or religion amongst others. Exclusion can take many forms such as denying people entry into certain schools based on race factors like skin color even if it meets educational standards; limiting access certain public services based on one’s religion; denying people job opportunities based on gender identity etc. By excluding individuals with different characteristics it further perpetuates inequalities within society leading to social injustice thus making it hard for those excluded from accessing basic human rights such as education, healthcare etc. In conclusion while there can be positive aspects associated with inclusion when done right; exclusion has far more negative implications that can lead to greater inequality within our society thus it should be avoided at all costs.