French And Indian War Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is French And Indian War?
The French and Indian War (1754-1763) was a conflict between the British and French colonies over who had control of the lands in North America. The war was fought predominantly in North America, but there were also battles fought in Europe and South America. It started as a local dispute between the two colonies over land rights and eventually grew into an international conflict involving Great Britain, France, and their various allies on both sides. At its core, the war was about competing colonial ambitions. The British sought to expand their territory into New France while the French wanted to maintain their holdings. Both sides engaged Native American tribes to support their respective causes while also enlisting other European powers such as Spain or Austria to join them in battle against each other.The war saw several major battles fought on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean including major engagements such as Braddock’s Defeat (1755), Ticonderoga (1758), Quebec City Siege (1759), Battle of Sainte-Foy (1760) , Massacre at Fort William Henry (1757). In addition to these large-scale battles there were numerous smaller skirmishes that often involved Native Americans attacking isolated British settlements or fortified posts throughout North America. By 1763, when the Treaty of Paris officially ended the war, Great Britain had gained control of all lands east of the Mississippi River from France thus solidifying their hold on most of what is now Canada and many portions of what is now considered part of the United States. However, this victory for Britain also triggered a backlash from Native American nations who felt betrayed by being used as pawns in a much larger game being played between two foreign powers. This would ultimately lead directly to Pontiac’s Rebellion which put much pressure on Great Britain’s hold over its newly acquired territories until it could be quelled in 1766 with the Royal Proclamation which recognized native sovereignty over much of North America eastward from Fort Pitt along with other concessions designed to appease native resentment towards British rule.