Federal Government Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Federal Government?
The Federal Government of the United States is a unique and complex institution. It is comprised of three distinct branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The powers granted by the U.S. Constitution are shared among these branches in order to maintain a system of checks and balances between them. Each branch has its own set of responsibilities that it must fulfill in order to ensure that the government operates effectively and efficiently. The Executive Branch is responsible for carrying out laws passed by Congress as well as enforcing existing laws and regulations created by other federal agencies such as the Environmental Protection Agency or Department of Education. This branch also appoints Supreme Court justices and Cabinet members who advise the President on various matters related to domestic policy issues, foreign affairs, defense strategy, economic development, etc. Additionally, this branch oversees numerous other federal departments including Health & Human Services (HHS), Labor (DOL), Transportation (DOT), Housing & Urban Development (HUD), Agriculture (USDA) etc., all with their own specific missions within their respective areas. The Legislative Branch works alongside Congress to pass legislation which creates new laws or amends existing ones in order to better serve our nation’s citizens. This includes creating laws regarding taxation policies, budget appropriations for different programs or agencies at both state and federal levels, establishing national security protocols such as those associated with military operations abroad or immigration reform initiatives here at home; authorizing funding towards public works projects like roads/bridges infrastructure repair; regulating trade through tariffs imposed upon importing goods from overseas countries; overseeing elections processes; approving presidential appointments; setting standards for environmental protection efforts like clean energy initiatives etc.. All bills proposed must be approved by both houses before becoming law unless vetoed by the President himself requiring two-thirds majority vote override from both chambers if applicable prior to taking effect thus ensuring accountability remains intact throughout the process while protecting individual rights enshrined in our Founding Documents when necessary should any legal discrepancies arise along way leading up until final ratification stage if reached successfully completing each step therein then surpassing congressional review period laid forth during initial drafting phase beforehand otherwise veto will remain intact regardless despite previous passage then reverting back into consideration again after alterations have been made possibly allowing bill passage eventually depending upon House Judiciary Committee findings followed thereafter accordingly according case specifics involved currently under investigation potentially leading toward resolution satisfactory conclusion ultimately being definitive ruling handed down finalizing matter completely replacing earlier outcome fully with decision just mentioned above conclusively speaking without further dispute thereby concluding situation finally once more having said that succinctly .