State And Federal Laws Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is State And Federal Laws?
State and federal laws are rules and regulations that are created to protect citizens from harm, ensure fairness in the marketplace, and promote public safety. These laws can range from criminal laws to civil regulations, and they differ from state to state. Criminal law is a set of rules established by the government that define what kinds of behavior are illegal and punishable by fines or imprisonment. For example, if someone commits a crime like murder or robbery, they would be subject to criminal prosecution under these laws. In addition to prohibiting certain behaviors, criminal law also establishes punishments for those who break the law including jail time or fines.Civil law pertains to disputes between individuals or organizations over matters such as contracts or tort claims (e.g., personal injury). Civil legal proceedings often involve monetary damages awarded to one party as compensation for wrongs committed by another party. This can include things like medical bills for an injured person caused by the negligence of another individual or business.State laws exist at the local level; each state has its own set of statutes governing various areas such as education, healthcare, taxes, employment rights, consumer protection, environmental protection, and more. These statutes may be more specific than federal legislation in order to address local needs for instance a state may have stricter water pollution standards than those outlined in federal clean air act regulations. Additionally states may have different statutory penalties for violations of their particular statutes depending on severity of each individual offense (e.g., misdemeanors vs felonies). Federal laws exist at the national level and apply uniformly throughout all fifty states in America; however some areas such as taxation require separate legislation within each state because there is no universal agreement on how taxation should work across jurisdictions due to differences in political ideology between states (e.g., income tax vs sales tax). The most common areas addressed with federal legislation include defense/national security related issues (e.g., military spending), foreign relations/trade agreements with other countries (e.g., NAFTA), civil rights protections (e.g., Title VII), and economic regulation/antitrust policy (i. e. , Sherman Antitrust Act).