Current Health Status Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Current Health Status?
The current health status of humanity is a complex and multifaceted issue. In general, the world population is living longer due to advances in medical science, nutrition, sanitation, and public health measures. However, there are still many diseases that continue to challenge global health efforts.At the global level, infectious diseases remain a major cause of death and disability. These include malaria, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), diarrhea-related illnesses such as rotavirus and shigellosis, lower respiratory infections such as pneumonia and bronchitis, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cancer, cardiovascular disease (CVD), chronic respiratory disease (CRD), obesity-related illnesses including type 2 diabetes mellitus are also growing. Mental illness continues to be an area of concern for many countries around the world. In addition to these diseases there is an increasing burden of non-communicable risk factors such as smoking tobacco use alcohol abuse inadequate physical activity unhealthy diets and environmental hazards which contribute to poor health outcomes worldwide. The World Health Organization has identified these risk factors among its ten leading threats to global health in 2019. The access to healthcare services also remains a challenge for many parts of the world especially among low income countries where healthcare systems are often inadequate or nonexistent. This lack of access compounds existing disparities between different populations creating further challenges in providing equitable care for all people regardless of their ethnicity or socio-economic status an issue that continues to be addressed by international organizations including the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals initiative which includes universal healthcare coverage among its targets for 2030 achievement.