Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating condition characterized by extreme fatigue that lasts for an extended period of time and cannot be explained by any underlying medical condition. Although the exact cause of CFS is unknown, it is believed to be a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. Symptoms vary from person to person but can include difficulty concentrating, muscle pain, unrefreshing sleep, headaches, sore throat and tender lymph nodes. CFS can have significant impacts on quality of life due to its physical and psychological symptoms. In order to diagnose CFS a doctor will take into account the patient’s medical history as well as conduct a physical examination. There are no laboratory tests available that can specifically diagnose CFS; however, blood tests may be used to rule out other conditions with similar symptoms such as mononucleosis or thyroid disorders. While there is no specific cure for CFS currently available many treatments focus on managing the symptoms in order to improve quality of life. These treatments can include exercise regimens tailored to individual needs, cognitive-behavioral therapy which helps individuals cope with their illness better and lifestyle adjustments such as stress management techniques or dietary changes. It is important for people affected by chronic fatigue syndrome to seek treatment early in order to gain better control over their condition and maintain an active lifestyle despite the limitations caused by this illness. With proper diagnosis and treatment it may be possible for people with chronic fatigue syndrome lead full and healthy lives again.