Childhood And Adolescence Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Childhood And Adolescence?
Childhood and adolescence are two distinct stages of life. It is important to understand the differences between them in order to better understand a child’s development. Childhood is typically defined as the period from birth until age twelve, when children are still relatively dependent on adults for their needs. During this time, children learn language skills, explore their environment, build relationships with family and friends, and develop motor skills such as walking and running. Childhood also includes early socialization experiences that shape how they view themselves in relation to others. Adolescence is marked by physical changes including puberty, which often leads to increased self-consciousness about appearance and body image issues; cognitive abilities such as abstract thinking begin to emerge; strong emotions become more pronounced; risk-taking behavior increases; and the ability to make independent decisions becomes more developed. As adolescents move away from childhood dependence into adulthood independence, they may experience greater freedom but also face increased pressures such as peer pressure or academic stressors at school or college. It is important for parents and other caregivers to be aware of these developmental changes during both childhood and adolescence so that they can best support their growing child as he or she moves into adulthood. For example, during adolescence it may be beneficial for parents to provide guidance on decision making processes while still allowing teens some autonomy over their choices in order to foster independence without putting them at risk of harm due to poor judgement or lack of experience with certain situations. Through careful monitoring of a child’s development during both childhood and adolescence stages of life parents can ensure that his or her transition into adulthood is smooth while promoting healthy growth throughout each stage of life.