Leadership Styles and Their Effectiveness Flashcard

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Praxis II

Leadership Manners and Their Effectiveness

Ike Hall
Pro-seminar Leading Community Practice
Dr. Duhon

Praxis Paper Submitted Feburary 24. 2008 in Partial Fulfillment of the demands for the grade of Doctor of Education ( ED. D. )

Leadership Manners and Their Effectiveness

The late Harold Geneen. adult male behind the success of the International Telephone and Telegraph Corp. ( ITT ) . one time said “Leadership can non truly be taught. It can merely be learned’ . Basically leading is ever tied to the person who takes on the function. Throughout history. many great leaders emerged. They brought with them either positive or negative influence. They are considered great leaders because of their undeniable part in determining the events of clip. But what in their leading manner makes them great?

There are many definitions of leading nevertheless normally it is defined by the consequences it produces. both in the state of affairs and the people under it. More commonly leading is defined as the influence of one over those he leads ( Clark 2007 ) . There are many aspects to leading. In fact it is one of the most studied topics around. Many researches have been conducted to tap it. Many plans have been designed to heighten it. Many persons seek it. And many bookmans have tried to explicate it.

One of the most common illations of leading is that leaders are made non born ( Clark 2005 ) . This paper will seek to place what makes a great leader. By analyzing the different manners of leading. it aims to show a more concrete account of the topic. Traveling through the virtues of the different manners will basically broaden apprehension. By measuring the different points of leading. a clearer image of its influence. peculiarly in the school scene will be achieved.

While leading remains subjective and comparative ( Bittel. 1989 ) this paper will seek to make a more nonsubjective position of the topic. It will expose its most of import constituents. It will show a few of its tried expression. By making so. it will place what are indispensable to going an effectual leader today.

Evidence from Literature

A great figure of books have been written on leading. Experts have been really generous in sharing their ideas about it. In fact. in the last 30 old ages entirely there has been an inflow of experts in the topic. No affair how it is explained. or what footings are used to depict it. the position on leading remains basically the same. Even John Maxwell. arguably the most popular expert in leading summarizes it as merely the influence of one over others ( 1998 ) .

Not surprising. experts bring with them different positions on leading. They besides encourage people to subscribe to their ain trade name or manner of taking. However while at that place seems to be a whole batch of picks. leading manner can really good be broken down into three ( Goodworth 1988 ) general categorizations. These are Autocratic. Laissez Faire and Democratic ( Vaccio 1988 ) .

Autocratic or Authoritarian Leadership is defined as one that dominates ( Bittel 1989 ) . Its most common property is the across-the-board regulation over squad members or followings. Most likely Autocratic Leaderships will non acknowledge they are. However. the world of it is that it is the easiest and most common manner in leading. It is so common that normally persons adapt to it more rapidly.

Even though this manner is viewed as scratchy and frequently times unproductive as it stirs squad members or followings toward inactive opposition. it can be extremely effectual in state of affairss necessitating pressing action. The greatest dictators of history all possess bossy leading features that they maximized to impel them to ill-famed success. One of the most obvious groundss of this peculiar manner is it takes advantage of the failings of squad members or followings in every state of affairs.

While the Autocratic Leadership suppresses input of squad members or followings. it is full the antonym in Laissez Faire Leadership. Besides named as Free Reign ( Goodworth 1988 ) . this peculiar manner topographic points decision-making on the custodies of the squad members or followings. It is described as holding really small engagement from the leader. It gives small way and motive. This leading manner is ideal merely in groups composed of persons who are extremely motivated with great enterprise. Laissez Faire Leaders wholly empower their members to accomplish ends. It is of import that the members are hence worthy of authorization.

The 3rd manner is the Democratic Leadership. It is besides referred to as Participative ( Clark 2007 ) . The Democratic Leader consults with squad members or followings in decision-making without releasing control over the squad. Engagement is encouraged. hence the name. Similar to Laissez Faire. Democratic Leadership empowers members every bit good. The distinguishable difference between the two is that Democratic Leadership has more leader engagement. Although the squad members and followings are given an active function in decision-making. concluding judgement still remains with the leader.

The three general categorizations otherwise known as leading manners are really different from one another. Each has a set of good and bad points that makes them distinguishable. However no affair how different they are. they all define leading the same manner. Leadership is influence. This is one incontrovertible fact of leading that experts agree on.

Critical Analysis

It was mentioned in old paragraphs that leading is comparative ( Maxwell 1998 ) . Its effectivity depends on the person who takes on the function. Each manner of leading offers up both positive and negative traits. Each is ideal in certain state of affairss. Each has the capacity to accomplish success.

In a school set-up. leading is frequently a combination of the three categorizations. This is non an ideal pattern nevertheless this is likely the most common. In many cases teacher and pupil have an bossy relationship. Teacher speaks and pupils listen. Teachers give instructions and pupils follow. This pattern nevertheless is easy going old-school.

Today. instructors and pupils have a free exchange of thoughts. In fact there are times that instructors allow pupils to take control of treatments. Particularly in school squads. managers are frequently accused of leting their squad to hold a free reign during games. The trust degree is so high that authorization is effortless.

Democratic manner of leading is one which is normally desired. An unfastened sharing of positions and balanced decision-making are frequently claimed. In the school puting this manner of leading is apparent in organisations. Teachers and pupils are leveled with each other. The school paper is the best illustration of this sort of leading. Although instructors hold the concluding determinations in publications. pupils are given the chance to convey their point across without fright of being shut-down.

School is the best topographic point to exert leading. There are so many chances to seek out different manners. set them together to make a more stable signifier. Schools encourage leading. Exposure to the different manners allows pupils to decode for themselves which are suited for certain state of affairss.


It has been mentioned clip and once more that leading is influence. The school is an ideal topographic point to hone leading potencies of persons. In other words. the school provides an chance for persons to get accomplishments in act uponing others.

Leadership manner will ever be comparative to the person. Even experts agree to this with their different takes on leading. However in all the survey of leading one thing remains. No one leading manner is generic ( Clark 2005 ) sufficiency to be applicable in all state of affairss and all persons. There will ever be a demand to set two or three different manners to do it work.

Bittel. L. ( 1989 ) . ‘The McGraw-Hill 36-hour direction course’ . US: McGraw-Hill.

Clark. D. ( 2005 ) . ‘Leadership styles’ . Retrieved on February 17. 2008 from
hypertext transfer protocol: //www. nwlink. com/~donclark/leader/leadstl. hypertext markup language

Clark. D. ( 2007 ) . ‘Concepts of leadership’ . Retrieved on February 18. 2008 from
hypertext transfer protocol: //www. nwlink. com/~donclark/leader/leadcon. hypertext markup language

Goodworth. C. ( 1988 ) . ‘The secrets of successful leading and people management’ . United states:
Heimann Professional Publishing

Maxwell. J. ( 1998 ) . ’21 incontrovertible Torahs of leadership’ . United states: Thomas Nelson Publishing.

Veccio. R. ( 1988 ) . ‘Original behavior’ . United states: Dryden Press

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