International Students And Global Education Sociology Essay Example
International Students And Global Education Sociology Essay Example

International Students And Global Education Sociology Essay Example

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  • Pages: 8 (1962 words)
  • Published: July 28, 2017
  • Type: Case Study
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Education is recognized as a crucial tool that fosters mental habits promoting tolerance, cooperation, duty, and an understanding of the interdependence in today's interconnected world. It is believed that international students are the future leaders who must comprehend global issues to promote democratic principles, social justice, economic competitiveness, and leadership. However, research indicates that public schools and classrooms do not adequately address these concerns. American students lag behind other countries in their knowledge of foreign languages, cultures and geography. A shift towards a curriculum paradigm is necessary to ensure globally competent educators prepare young people for genuine worldwide competitiveness. Educating young individuals as global citizens enables them to appreciate connections within the world's systems and feel morally obliged to take responsible action towards creating a just, peaceful and sustainable planet. Teaching with a global perspective requires recogni


zing how our actions impact worlds beyond our own - challenges such as poverty, climate change, financial systems and conflict necessitate solutions that consider the entire planet (O'Meara 1997).It is crucial for young people to possess the skills needed to tackle challenges together with individuals from varying cultural backgrounds. Teachers can assist in learning by incorporating personal experiences and community connections into lessons, as well as connecting global issues to everyday life experiences. Ryan and Durning's recommendation is teaching about the impact of daily consumption on a global scale by following products from production to waste. Merryfield suggests approaching global education through different perspectives, such as preparing students for competition in the global economy or promoting social justice and cross-cultural understanding. However, teachers must prioritize multiple perspectives and global interdependence. Although college homework may not equip teachers themselves with

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necessary competencies for global competence, it remains important that they understand worldwide issues so that they could guide their students towards becoming stewards of the Earth who promote social justice globally. Genuine learning takes place when diverse cultures collaborate towards shared goals that have significant meaning in their lives. Global educators use various methods like working with international and immigrant organizations, participating in service projects and exchanges, alongside taking students overseas to broaden exposure to diversity.In order to avoid perpetuating stereotypes unintentionally, global educators must be careful not to present exotic images like harems or camel races. Instead, they intentionally design lessons that promote a better understanding of different cultures, cultural conflicts and global issues while replacing misinformation with accurate knowledge. For instance, when starting a unit on the Middle East, a global educator may ask students to generate ideas about Muslims, Arabs and the region while simultaneously addressing common misunderstandings. If pupils confuse Arab and Muslim identities, the teacher can help them identify where Arabs reside and introduce original sources to differentiate between diverse Arab cultures and the Muslim world (Said 1997). By understanding how Europeans constructed an "Orient" according to Said's (1993) theories, learners can distinguish exotic portrayals of the Middle East in mainstream media entertainment textbooks from diverse realities conveyed by local Egyptian Lebanese Persian scholars regarding their home lives. By appreciating complexities within other cultures, students can challenge prevalent generalizations that perpetuate misinformation and stereotypes. Additionally, they are presented with unprecedented challenges such as sustainable development or climate change affecting people across the globe despite affluence in some nations.Wars and invasions have caused countless deaths, leaving millions suffering from hunger, homelessness,

and untreated health concerns. Climate change also damages property and lives, worsening local conditions. Despite good intentions, projects still exploit resources such as land, water, and air (Sach 1995 p.7). Additionally, industrialized nations export millions of tons of hazardous waste to non-industrialized countries disregarding the harmful impacts on human health and the environment. Jacobson's findings in 1991 revealed that over three billion pounds of pesticides are used annually worldwide causing harm to humans, livestock, wildlife and the environment through groundwater contamination, destruction of natural flora and development of pesticide-resistant pests (Jacobson et al., 1991,p.45). Deforestation and habitat destruction deplete natural resources resulting in numerous attacks on our planet like species extinction while corporations use complex patent laws to genetically engineer new species for profit. Shiva (1997) argues that this process exploits ancient indigenous knowledge for a select few at the expense of cultures who developed said knowledge highlighting how human rights and environmental concerns are interconnected.Economic factors play a crucial role in meeting basic needs worldwide, but they can also contribute to man-made famines like the one in Kenya's northern region. Despite the ratification of the United Nations' Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989, child labor continues to affect over 250 million children (Sanders, 1997). Some countries prioritize exporting grains rather than feeding their own citizens. Technological advancements and outsourcing often result in job losses and increased executive salaries. Resources are sometimes directed away from societal plans and education budgets towards producing weapons for mass destruction. However, solutions to one problem may create new issues - dams were initially seen as sources of clean energy but now displace millions from their homes

while changing river flow patterns and creating conditions favorable for water-borne diseases. Similarly, aquaculture was once viewed as a solution to dwindling fish populations but is now destroying habitats for other species. Prioritizing profit maximization without considering sustainability or the needs of ordinary people can lead to social and environmental issues with global impacts that affect different communities and countries. Companies may relocate their operations and jobs to states with cheaper labor, causing economic distress in local areas and disrupting established economic systems.Furthermore, certain companies exploit lax environmental regulations by polluting or using prohibited chemicals that may ultimately end up in products imported into the United States. It is crucial for individuals to understand how their choices impact personal well-being, community welfare, the environment, and their responsibility as global citizens. Empowering women has been a critical factor in societal progress; many view it as the most effective approach to address worldwide challenges. On a positive note, nearly all countries now allow universal suffrage, with over 20 nations having female leaders in government. The movement towards gender equality is gradually challenging patriarchal norms across the globe. Women's significant influence on global consumer spending (estimated at over 70%) highlights its economic importance. Research shows that higher Gender Gap Index scores correspond with lower Competitiveness Index scores among different nations. Fortune 500 corporations can see performance boosts of up to 50% when they have gender-balanced boards. The Gender Equity Index 2010 points out notable disparities in economic participation and political empowerment between genders. Despite written laws aimed at achieving gender equality, women worldwide still suffer from negative effects resulting from gender stereotypes until customary or religious practices are

aligned with legal frameworks.Women make up over 40% of the labor force but earn less than a quarter of wages and represent around 70% of impoverished individuals. Environmental crises, food and financial shortages, armed conflicts, and displacement further disadvantage women and children globally. Research by OECD shows that women spend more time on unpaid work compared to men, ranging from one hour per day in Denmark to five hours per day in India. FAO estimates suggest equal access to agricultural resources can decrease world hunger rates by 12-17%, which could aid approximately 100-150 million people if women are granted land ownership rights or credit accessibility. In 2010, about 105 million of the poorest microcredit clients were women accounting for roughly 82%. However, FEMNET warns that business size concerns impede economic transformation prospects. Educational gender parity is highly beneficial for empowering women with most countries achieving parity at primary education levels. UNESCO estimates almost two-thirds of the 796 million adults lacking basic literacy skills are women; although half of all university students worldwide are female. While there have been some strides made towards closing the gender gap in healthcare, much improvement is still needed concerning maternal health and family planning.Recognizing household size as a fundamental human right and focusing on affordable childcare globally is crucial, even in industrialized countries that face demographic crises due to low birth rates. Developing nations in Africa and Asia experience almost all of the annual maternal deaths, which total 500,000, due to high fertility rates and inadequate healthcare systems. Effective family planning must be viewed as a critical development component for providing it to an estimated 215 million women without access

so that the UN's objective of reducing maternal mortality to 120 deaths per 100,000 live births by 2015 can be met. Female genital mutilation affects about 100-142 million women worldwide today. Regulations must be established and enforced to eradicate this harmful practice that affects communities not only in Africa but also in India, Indonesia, Malaysia, parts of Uganda, and even within the European Union. Each year violence against women causes the most significant form of warfare resulting in deaths and casualties. The incidence rate of physical violence against adult females varies between 12% to 59%, depending on location and culture. Sexual assault is frequently reported underreported crime across the world that often goes unpunished. Human trafficking victimizes women and children at a rate of 66%, generating $32 billion annually. Approximately three million girls suffer from this trauma each year alone in Africa with prevalence rates upward of ninety percent observed among countries like Egypt or Guinea.Despite the fact that 142 countries signed the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children, some major nations have yet to enforce it. In times of conflict, women are at a higher risk of sexual assault being used as a weapon of war. Addressing inequality during post-conflict or disaster recovery efforts is crucial. However, only eight percent of peace negotiators are female while just twenty-five countries have National Action Plans supporting UN Security Council Resolution 1325 which protects women during conflicts and ensures their participation in peace processes.

Reducing Poverty Inequality: The Need for a Global Partnership

To effectively combat poverty, it is essential to establish long-term strategic plans involving collaboration between rich and poor nations

on a global scale. This partnership should leverage both the strengths of free markets and ethical regulations. Establishing stability is particularly important in fragile states where traditional approaches such as technical aid and credit are ineffective. Creating fair trade policies, honest judiciary regulation, reduced corruption levels, secure property rights and economic freedom are all necessary steps towards promoting ethical economic systems. Engaging with local development decisions together with incentives for businesses that comply with environmental and social goals can create healthy investment climates while also providing access to land, capital, and information.It is crucial for governments to provide political stability and regulations that ensure equal opportunities. However, there is a competition between central government direction and private entrepreneurship for poverty elimination. To prevent brain drain from impoverished regions, alternative solutions include connecting individuals through various internet systems to participate in the development process. According to UNDP, abolishing agricultural export subsidies can lead developing countries to benefit by $72 billion per year. Addressing structural instabilities in world trade can ensure equal competition while maintaining human rights and labor standards, safeguarding the environment efficiently managing global parks and preventing monopolies.

China's monetary policies have been cited as potentially aiding other countries' economic growth and access to global markets (Hersh & Paterson 1994 pages 93-94). International students must gain knowledge of global issues and propose solutions while adopting a task-oriented approach. Local students from affected nations offer valuable insights into the impact of these problems on their daily lives.

Australia has implemented a recruitment system that offers scholarships to international students provided they work in Australia for five years post-graduation before returning home. Establishing relationships that encourage cooperation and understanding

is critical as well.< p > International students can increase their comprehension of global connections and recognize the importance of cross-cultural interactions in human experience by participating in these programs. It is imperative for international students to have a comprehensive understanding of various economic, social, and political challenges confronting the world.

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