Elephant Poaching, What Can We Do to Stop It? Essay
In the year of 1977, 1.
3 million elephants lived in Africa. Twenty years later only sixty thousand remained. In that same time period Kenya’s elephant population decreased by 87%. By the year 2006 there was only ten thousand elephants living in the wild in Africa. Elephant poaching is still a continuing threat to the population of elephants there.
Elephant poaching is the illegal hunting of elephants. In a number of African countries elephant poaching is legal, but it is illegal to import it elsewhere.I aim to discuss reasons for preventing elephant poaching altogether. Elephants are poached for their ivory tusks.
These can be made into ornaments, piano keys, pool/snooker balls et cetera. Until plastics were introduced ivory was an extremely popular substance. Around twenty tonnes of ivory was smuggled out of African countries last year. Recent studies show that elephants aren’t only killed for their tusks, but also for their meat. Scientists are currently developing a pepper spray bomb to get elephants off land of some farmers, because they believe them to be pests.
This quote was taken from WWF “There has been some resolution to this problem from scientist, that have invented a pepper-spray bomb that chases away the elephants by attacking their eyes with airborne pepper molecules. ” I believe there should be resolutions to keep elephants, not scare them away. The elephants should be dealt with in a more humane manner, instead of permanently damaging their eyes. Furthermore, in February this year, South Africa has scrapped it’s ban on elephant hunting and is now allowing it.In recent years the elephant population has grown from eight thousand to twenty thousand.
A spokesperson from the government described it as being “This will enable us to control the population of elephants in our country”. I believe the population of elephants in this country should be allowed to keep growing. This change will mean thousands of elephants will be killed and could lead to critical points of near extinction. As I mentioned above, another reason for the killing of elephants is that they are pests.
People are killing elephants for revenge. If an elephant destroys the years crop, farmers will kill the elephant’s whole family. A researcher from an elephant conservation organisation discovered more than 300 elephants had been killed for this reason only. Elephants shouldn’t be killed for destroying a crop.
More effective methods of keeping the elephants out should be introduced and farmers should be more aware of the dangers of elephants in the wild. Another way in which elephants are being killed is through deforestation.Asian elephants, which mostly live in forest areas. Forests have been cut down to make room for farmland, and this is preventing elephants from using their traditional routes across land and forcing them elsewhere.
Now, only thirty five thousand elephants are living in asia and that number is shrinking. I believe there should be more thought put into the elephants and their welfare, the government should have considered the elephants before making drastic actions on their habitat.In conclusion, ways in which to conquer elephant poaching are to make the act of killing an elephant illegal in all countries where they live. Governments could stop deforestation in certain areas where traditional elephant routes are. Farmers should use more effective methods of keeping the elephants out of their land, other than killing them.
Finally, the elephant population should be allowed to grow and expand until it reaches the size that it was in the mid 20th century.