Adverse Impact of Social Networking Sites

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We extend our sincerest gratitude to Professor Jose Ricarte B. Origenes of the College of Nursing, for his constant support, guidance and motivation, who helped the group immensely in completing this project. The project provided us with an opportunity to understand the fundamentals of research methods in a better manner and apply them in everyday life. The insistence on taking up a socially relevant topic like the use of social networking sites helped us to understand the psychology of the people using these sites better and correlate the research to human behavioral aspects.

Social networking sites are now being investigated by numerous social science researchers and an increasing number of academic commentators are becoming more and more interested in studying Facebook, Twitter, and other social networking services, because of their probable impact on society. While the social networking sites have the same key aspects, the cultures and responses around them that become apparent are varied. Most sites help strangers connect with others based on shared personal interests, political and economic views, or simply recreational activities.

Some sites accommodate distinct viewers, while others attract people based on similarities, such as common languages or shared racial, sexual, religious or nationality-based identities. Nonetheless, social networking sites have only one common goal. It is to encourage new ways to communicate and share information. Many students have been blaming various social networking sites for their steady decrease in grade point averages. This emergent phenomenon aroused us to look into social networking sites and why they affect fellow students? academic performances.

The target population for this research was defined as the students who form the major chunk of users of these social networking sites. This was done to have a better insight into the research as the target population was one of the most avid users of these sites and could provide exceptional responses. Even the understanding of the questionnaire was easy for them as they were familiar with the sites and are quite clear about the reasons they use it for and the various problems that they now face because of the effects of using these social networking sites.

The responses were collected by personal questioning. The responses were taken from the students in the University of Santo Tomas? s different colleges through survey forms. Other evidences showcased with this study were retrieved carefully from the web. A. OBJECTIVES The students intend to: ? ? Discuss the nature of social networking sites and low academic performance Provide data supporting the claim that social networking sites affect one? s academic performance adversely ? ? Assess the contrasting evidences thoroughly and systematically.

Determine the authenticity of the claim that the adverse effects of social networking sites are more imminent than the positive ones ? Associate findings to personal lives of adolescents and society in general B. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY This study aims to explain the importance of the proper usage of social networking sites. It aims to point out particularly adverse effects it poses to people? s daily lives. These sites evidently have a lot of positive effects, but their also have their share of negative impact.

In order to provide much help, this study would like to give enlightenment to the said phenomena. We would like to provide, through this term paper, information about the impact of these sites to society that would hopefully lead to a realization of their own standing in terms of SNS addiction. We also would like to give a certain form of guidance to those who are delved in situations aforementioned. Lastly, we would like to provide evidences that would solidify the support on controlling the usage of social networking sites, thus reducing the risk of assimilating such addicting activities.

In order to understand clearly the subject matter, we define the following key concepts: social networking sites, and academic performance, as they are essential to fully comprehend the issue in focus. Social networking sites are social network services that focus on building online communities of people who share interests and/or activities, or who are interested in exploring the interests and activities of others. Academic performance refers to how students deal with their studies and how they cope with or accomplish different tasks given to them by their teachers.

Social networking sites as web-based services that allow individuals to: (1) construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system, (2) articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection, and (3) view and traverse their list of connections and those made by others within the system. The nature and nomenclature of these connections may vary from site to site. For the past years, social networking has been very popular for people worldwide. Social networking is a great form of entertainment.

It is like going to a new school, on your first day you have no friends but as days pass you will meet new friends and eventually you? ll form groups or circle of friends. At first, you don? t have much interest in your new school but when you begin to learn and enjoy more about your school, you will be happy to spend much of your time in school with your friends, teachers and etc. It is open for all kinds of people, all ages, and all races. A purpose of social networking is we meet people, maybe people we met before like old classmates or schoolmate or new people from different races and countries, e just have same interests with. While the term “social network site” is used to describe this phenomenon, the term “social networking sites” also appears in public discourse, and the two terms are often used interchangeably. “Networking” emphasizes relationship initiation, often between strangers. While networking is possible on these sites, it is not the primary practice on many of them, nor is it what differentiates them from other forms of computer-mediated communication (CMC).

On many of the large SNSs, participants are not necessarily “networking” or looking to meet new people; instead, they are primarily communicating with people who are already a part of their extended social network. To emphasize this articulated social network as a critical organizing feature of these sites, we label them “social network sites. ” The main types of social networking services are those which contain category divisions (such as former school-year or classmates), means to connect with friends (usually with selfdescription pages) and a recommendation system linked to trust.

Popular methods now combine many of these, with Facebook widely used worldwide; MySpace, Twitter and LinkedIn being the most widely used in North America; Nexopia (mostly in Canada);Bebo, Hi5, StudiVZ (mostly in Germany), iWiW (mostly in Hungary), Tuenti (mostly and Skyrock in parts of in Europe; Spain), Decayenne, Tagged, XING; Badoo and Friendster, Mixi, Multiply, Orkut, Wretch, Xiaonei and Cyworld in Asia and the Pacific Islands and Areapal in India. For teens in this generation, social networking has become sort of an “addiction”.

A teenager has a facebook account. She opens her account daily to check new updates. She spends hours checking new updates until she realizes she has more important things to do like school works she has missed doing because of signing in into a social network service. This is an example of a teen being addicted to such social networks. To prove social networking can be an addiction, the researchers made a survey to test whether social networking could be a hindrance to a good performance in school.

The survey made got answers that yes, some people are willing to spend more time being online on these social network services than to spend time studying and working up on school works. This is sad to hear because with all the advantages social networking can give, there are also disadvantages, like this, that can be or give bad effects to people who use them. HOW DOES ‘SNS’ WORK While SNSs have implemented a wide variety of technical features, their backbone consists of visible profiles that display an articulated list of Friends who are also users of the system.

Profiles are unique pages where one can type oneself into being. After joining an SNS, an individual is asked to fill out forms containing a series of questions. The profile is generated using the answers to these questions, which typically include descriptors such as age, location, interests, and an “about me” section. Most sites also encourage users to upload a profile photo. Some sites allow users to enhance their profiles by adding multimedia content or modifying their profile’s look and feel. Others, such as Facebook, allow users to add modules (“Applications”) that enhance their profile.

The visibility of a profile varies by site and according to user discretion. By default, profiles on Orkut or hi5. com are crawled by search engines, making them visible to anyone, regardless of whether or not the viewer has an account. Alternatively, sites like MySpace allow users to choose whether they want their profile to be public or “Friends only. ” Facebook takes a different approach—by default, users who are part of the same “network” can view each other’s profiles, unless a profile owner has decided to deny permission to those in their network.

Structural variations around visibility and access are one of the primary ways that SNSs differentiate themselves from each other. After joining a social network site, users are prompted to identify others in the system in which they have a relationship. The label for these relationships differs depending on the site popular terms include “Friends,” “Contacts,” and “Fans. ” Most SNSs require bi-directional confirmation for Friendship, but some do not. These one-directional ties are sometimes labelled as “Fans” or “Followers,” but many sites call these Friends as well.

The term “Friends” can be misleading, because the connection does not necessarily mean friendship in the everyday vernacular sense, and the reasons people connect are varied (Boyd, 2006). The public display of connections is a crucial component of SNSs. The Friends list contains links to each Friend’s profile, enabling viewers to traverse the network graph by clicking through the Friends lists. On most sites, the list of Friends is visible to anyone who is permitted to view the profile, although there are exceptions. Most SNSs also provide a mechanism for users to leave messages on their Friends’ profiles.

This feature typically involves leaving “comments,” although sites employ various labels for this feature. In addition, SNSs often have a private messaging feature similar to webmail. While both private messages and comments are popular on most of the major SNSs, they are not universally available. Beyond profiles, Friends, comments, and private messaging, SNSs vary greatly in their features and user base. Some have photo-sharing or video-sharing capabilities; others have builtin blogging and instant messaging technology.

Thereby, performance is the application of a learning product that at the end of the process provides mastery. It is the acquisition of particular grades on examinations indicates candidates? ability, mastery of the content, skills in applying learned knowledge to particular situations. A student? s success is generally judged on examination performance. Success on examinations is a crucial indicator that a student has benefited from a course of study (Wiseman, 1961). In educational institutions, success is measured by academic performance, or how well a student meets standards set out by local government and the institution itself.

As career competition grows ever fiercer in the working world, the importance of students doing well in school has caught the attention of parents, legislators and government education departments alike. Therefore, when the term “low” is integrated with the term “academic performance”, it is the inability to acquire particular grades on examinations that indicates the individuals? mastery of the content, and skills in applying learned knowledge to specific circumstances.

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